The District attorneys pre-trial diversion program has been around for a while. It prevents any person who has committed a nonviolent crime for the first time from going through thetraditionalcourt system. The defendant must admit that they areguiltyand must be a first time offender. A defendant should go througheducationaltraining, perform community service, take part in counseling also report to the pre-trial program when required to perform such duties, as part of the program. Theaimof the Pre-trail program is assisting the defendants who have committed minor crimes not togeta criminal record. This program also reduces theloadof work for the courts thus prominentcasesareattended to with the required urgency.
Those who have gone through the Pre-Trial Diversion need further monitoring and training to help themkeepoffcrime. Such person’s posse the necessaryabilityand skills to work in the justice department as it will assist them tokeepoff future crime Also; it will help them to experience first hand what happens if theycontinuein theircriminalways.
Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists’
Guilty people often get put on probation instead ofbeing sentencedto prison. In addition, persons who have completed theirjailsentence are most of the time released into probation. During these two different periods of time, probation and parole, theguiltypersons shouldkeepofftroubleandmeetpreset conditions and requirements presented to them. Parole officers, correctional treatment specialist and probation officers work with the offenders helping them to avoid committingnewcrimes and thus keeping them out of prison.
Probation officers are also known as community supervision officers in some states. Their work is tosupervisethose offenders placed on probation. Similarly, parole officers perform almost the same duties as probation officers only that parole officers supervise andmonitorthose who have served theirjailterm and been released. On the other hand, correctional treatment specialist also referred to as correctional counselors or case managers, provide counseling services to those who are on probation or parole andenablehemtogetrehabilitated and transformed from their life in crime (Gaines & LeRoy, 2011).
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Parole and probation officers monitor the offenders on probation throughpersonalcontact with the offenders and their environment. They do not wait for the offenders to come to themrathertheyvisitthe offenders in theirhomeor places of work. This is toestablishif andpositiverehabilitation is taking place. The probation and parole officers do not work alone, rather, they use thehelpof neighborhood groups, religious institutions and local residents to supervise and monitor the behavior of the offenders placed under them. Sometimes, the offenders shouldwearelectronic devices on their ankles toenabletheir movements andlocationto be monitored at all times, as required by law. The probation and parole officers may arrange in someexceptionalcases for the offender to obtain substance abuse rehabilitation or even job training if need be. In some states, the job performed by the probation officer and parole officer put together. Because of this, each officer acts as both a parole and probation officer.
Probation officers carry outinvestigationon the accused and then they use the results to write out pre-sentence reports andprescribesentences for the offenders. They then go over the recommended sentencing with the offenders and theirclosefamilies if there are any. They then present these recommendations to the court. Sometimes, probation officers may be required to testify as to their investigations and recommendations to the court. They alsoattendthe offenders' court hearings to provide information to the court as to the offenders attempt at rehabilitation. In addition, whether the offenders have complied to the terms given to them by the court (Siege, 2010).
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