The wonderful wizard of Oz is a book that purposely targets little children whose author is Baum. The book bears the same or rather similar themes with the movie named 'the wonderful wizard of Oz'. The book entails within itself the political changes that took place for many concurring years. Though narrated to children, it holds a greater meaning that it is literal meaning. The author of the book passed on in 1919 when the book had only taken nine years since its publication. George M.Hill put his work into publication in 1900. He had dedicated the book to some of his close relatives like his wife and his good friends. "To my good friend & comrade, My Wife", Maud Gage Baum". The books setting was done in Kansas whereby it talks about a girl whose name is Dorothy (Baum 59).
Dorothy is an orphan who grew up under the care of her uncle named Henry. She stands in the place of the noble man within the American country. The writer uses her to show how the noble man within the American land. Dorothy had a small black dog known as Toto. Dorothy found a lot of comfort when with Toto more than he enjoyed the company of other people. There comes a time when Dorothy and her dog moves to the Munchkin land after their house fell down (Baum 59).
When Dorothy arrives at the Munchkins home, a yellow brick road that she must follow when she wants to communicate to the Wizard of Oz. Dorothy wanted to have a home and so Glinda, who was a niece to the witch, showed her to do it. She represents the entire citizens of the American country together with their values. Within the story, she shows determination that has no comparison towards achieving what she longed for in life. She remains loyal to her country and seems to be resourceful too.
Toto, becomes the best companion of Dorothy, receives ignorance from many readers since they consider him not important. However, he is the one who unfolds to the people the kind of person the Wizard is. He stands in the place of the middle class American citizens. His names goes near to the teetotalers who were members of the prohibitionist party and they took no alcohol. The dog followed Dorothy wherever she went and this proved what a good friend is. "Toto did not really care whether he was in Kansas or the Land of Oz so long as Dorothy was with him; but he knew the little girl was unhappy, and that made him unhappy too." (Baum 80).
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Uncle Henry represents the long time farmer who existed within the American country. He was also the one who edited a certain magazine that was famous in the farming field. Henry Cantwell Wallace was his name but he had been nicknamed as Uncle Henry.
The scarecrow was appealing to look at and one could think that it was real. It is the first character that comes along Dorothy on her way along the yellow brick road. The scarecrow represents the farmers from the western country. It appeared helpless because it has no brain but at last, it was the best in giving ideas on how to solve problems among the four people travelling along the yellow road. "All the same," said the Scarecrow, "I shall ask for brains instead of a heart; for a fool would not know what to do with a heart if he had one" (Baum 120).
The tin woodman was also another character who was travelling along the road to see the wizard. Rust covers his entire body and he too like the others encounters neglect from his friends. "Oh, I see;" said the Tin Woodman. "But, after all, brains are not the best things in the world."
Have you any?" enquired the Scarecrow.
No, my head is quite empty," answered the Woodman; "but once I had brains, and a heart also; so, having tried them both, I should much rather have a heart." he is not able to move from one point to another and this prevents him from reaching his goals. He represents the servant who worked in the industries and received inhumane treatment from his employer. The scarecrow throughout out the journey helps him. He could not do anything on his own. This shows the good cooperation between famers and other labors. Later, there was a party that belonged to the farmers and the laborers of the American nation and bore the name Farmer-Labor party, which began in 1918 (Baum118).
Another character along the journey is the coward lion. He was the fourth character to join Dorothy, the scarecrow and the woodsman in the road to the Wizard. In America, the coward lion seems to stand for the democratic nominee in 1896 by the name William Jennings. William McKinley overthrew William during elections. (Baum 280). The wicked witch of the east is compared to the president was there before McKinley. His name was Grover Cleveland. He resembles the witch because like the witch he had attempted to mistreat his followers. He had brought down the investments in businesses.
Flying monkey represented the funny aspects within the politicians. They poked the people of the higher authorities. They also represent the people within the American country who were born there and belonged there. Dorothy and her friends come across the flying monkey and she is informed by her colleagues that the once led a kind of life that was free and not controlled by any man. They used to sway from place to another or from position to another. Again, the monkeys represent the wicked witch of the west. They also show the behavior of the people who worked in a bank and had interfered with the unions of labor within the nation. "Once, We were a free people, living happily in the great forest, flying from tree to tree, eating nuts and fruit and doing just as we pleased without calling anybody master. This was many years ago, before Oz came out of the clouds to rule over this land."
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There were also the silver slippers that Dorothy wore all through the story. The audience expected to see her in ruby slippers but she puts on silver one. The oppressed farmers in the country always demanded that there be a fixed ration about the dollar to prevent the fluctuations in the prices of products. In addition, the silver slippers can also stand in for the right of the citizens to vote.
Dorothy and the other characters walk on a yellow brick road that led its way to the witch who is the president. The gold represents power and the ways that lead there assures of good life ahead. They walk along golden ways yet their needs meet no aid and the people in power are enjoying the good life in their palaces (Baum118).
Other characters are the cyclones in the story. The tornado is an example of the cyclones and represents the time when the silver movement came into place. During this time, the farmers underwent oppression under the lack of a stable federal system. They got so little for the products they produced and more debts were creeping their way. They aired their concern to the government whereby some politicians wee against it.
Lastly, the wizard of Oz stood for the position of Republican Party chairperson named Mark Hanna. He was also the United States' president. All the characters of the story revolve around him. All people within the nation are straining in making their way towards his throne for help yet he does not seem to care.
Written by Frank Baum in California, the movie "the wizard of Oz depicted various classes of people. Various characters within the movie symbolize different classes of people in the American state. Just the way people see politicians in different views, each of the characters sees the wizard in a different form. After reaching at the wizards place, each of the characters went back with a different view o the wizard. The pretence in politicians is what makes people not to have good decisions when going to the ballot box.