Origins of the Second World War essay
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Richard Overy's book "Origins of the Second World War" is a book giving evidence as to the reasons that led to the rise of the Second World War. The book co-written by Richard Overy and Timothy Maison describes why a European war that began in 1939 developed into a World War by 1941. The book criticises the fact that Hitler is blamed much for the war because he did not condone the conflict that broke out between Germany and Poland. Hitler did not intend to have a long war with Poland, but the declaration of war against Germany by France and Britain were among reasons as to why the war developed. Richard Overy explains the cause of the war been the decline of the old empires and the rise of ambitious powers such as Japan and Italy. In the book, there are several documents, which provide evidence to the claims by Richard Overy. This paper explores Field Marshal Montgomery's personal diary.
Field Marshal Montgomery's diary is a document that provides accounts that resulted to the Dunkirk evacuations. This diary authored in shorthand at first, and then re-written as it appears while the author was lounging after the Dunkirk evacuations. Lieutenant Clarke who kept the diary was the intelligence officer of the fourth division. He later joined the technical military intelligence at GHQ home forces in London after the evacuations before moving to North Africa, Italy and Sicily for active service. He spent several days at the war and thereafter quitting serving the Allied Commission for Australia where he managed to set up a Territorial Army situated in East Anglia (Clarke 146-148).
The significance of the diary is that it provides accounts that led to the evacuation of at Dunkirk. The diary does this by giving a day-to-day account of the events leading to the evacuations. The main reason as to why the diary was include in a book about the Second World War is that it gives accounts as to when the Germans attacked Belgium and Holland. It also provides accounts as to what catapulted the Belgians to participate the war. The diary also reveals the tactics employed by enemy states prior to the commencing of the evacuation. There was a lot of spying and strategizing taking place by use of aircrafts that took pictures (Clarke 146-148).
There are several points deducted from the diary. Firstly, the diary brings to light some of the countries that were allies and those that were opponents. Secondly, the strategies employed by the Belgians against the Germans appear in the text. The Belgians destroyed most of their bridges that they thought the Germans might use. There is also some competition and animosity depicted between the Belgian soldiers and the British Army. In many cases, they both wanted to appear instrumental in whatever had taken place. It also appears from the text that the Germans were instrumental in beginning the war as they started air attacks to countries such as Belgium and Holland. The hostility between German and the allies is evident. Germans also appear to be stronger in comparison to the allies as they waged war against on their own, while the allies comprised of soldiers from different states. The origin of the "Halt Order" can be seeing. The text attests to the fact that it did not originate from Adolf Hitler (Clarke 146-148).
In conclusion, the book is a success as it provides several evidences that lead to the commencement of the Second World War. Such evidence is the diary by Field Marshal Montgomery. From his diary, revelations to the evacuation at Dunkirk are found, the countries that allied to fight against the Germans are known.