Table of Contents
Introduction to Renaissance
Mankind since the beginning has displayed an aptitude for art and culture. Since the days of the cave man till the 21st century; art and culture has served man as a vast river of creativity to exercise his talent in a give and take relationship. At the closing of the medieval Era or middle ages in most parts of the world, there existed acknowledged forms of art, architecture, literature, languages, economics etc. Yet a sudden change came up at the dawn of the 14th century in Europe, it served as a new ray of light! a distinct source of inspiration for mankind, revolutionizing major previous trends of arts and culture. This period extended till the 16th century and is broadly acknowledged as the Period of Renaissance today. The world prior to renaissance was driven with the philosophy of after life, yet in renaissance period new artists and intellectuals focused at present and presented an idea of a more secular world, this resulted in promotion of beauty, emotion, and linkage of sense of passion with artistic expression in all major art forms.
Major variations in the Renaissance era affected the following purpose of art, politics, society, religion and education. However with respect to arts in particular it brought about the following new innovations:-
When we go over a classic chronological of the Renaissance two works of art stand out with respect to their fame and level of excellence. These were:
Both of these individuals have their roots linked with Florence the centre hub of rising of the renaissance. They along with other well famed works of art like Giotto, Lorenzo Ghiberti, Donatello, El Greco, Albrecht Durer, Frans Hals, Rembrandt and Raphael simply revolutionized the focal view of art and culture for times to come.
A major contribution of the renaissance era that needs to be acknowledged is that the gap between experts of arts like poets, painters, sculpture and scientists and mathematicians started reducing, instead in the forms of Leonardo they went on to fuse together to bring up some widely praised masterpieces.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo Da Vinci stands up (1452 - 1519) among all the artists of the renaissance era for his perfection and diversity. He was n individual, who was acknowledged as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, scientist, inventor, town planner, writer and a musician. An over view of his life and dedication for the quest of knowledge leads one to shun out the nag that arts and science cannot be in harmony. Yet his blend of engineering and scientific knowledge and its application in this work of paint and sculpturing greatly showed the undeniable link between them based on precision. The spectrum of Leonardo's work was elaborated by Leonardo himself in his famous statement ,"Among all the studies and reasoning, Light chiefly delights the beholder; and among the great features of mathematics the certainty of its demonstrations is what preeminently tends to elevate the mind of the investigator. Perspective therefore must be preferred to all the discourses and systems of human learning."
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In the field of arts Leonardo introduced the following new perspectives:-
Following are some of the great works of Leonardo that stand up as a proof of his glory.
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni (1475-1564) was another master artist of the Renaissance Era. He was known as painter, sculptor, architect, poet and engineer. He also studied anatomy. His work in sculpture and drawings were considered almost unmatchable. His work of excellence comprises of the following creations:
The most distinct feature of Michal Angelo's sculptures was the imprint of his study of human anatomy. A close view of his sculpture shows the realism of the physical contours till the emotional glare on the face of his creations. Michal Angelo once said,' I saw an angel in the stone and carved until I set him free'. The greatest work of Michal Angelo was his painting of the Sistine Chapel. His paints Creation of Adam, Adam and Eve, the Garden of Eden, the Great Flood, the Prophet Isaiah and the Cumaean Sibyl show a very unique depiction of religion in the form of paintings yet they give a three dimension effect. Said work is unmatched with respect to its idea and perfection.
The Renaissance Era opened a door of revolution for mankind setting the human mind free, to unleash its potential beyond the contemporary boundaries of religion and bifurcation of disciplines like arts and science. People like Leonardo and Michael Angelo through their work proved to that blending both art and science together can bring us more close to perfection.