Dementia is a neurological disorder that entails a collection of disorders that impinge on the brain. Individuals having dementia may experience difficulties in handling problems and memorizing things. The various forms of dementia are: - lewy body dementia, which is an advanced brain ailment involving anomalous protein clumps in the brain, vascular dementia, where brain arteries become blocked and Frontotemporal dementia, which distresses brain portions involved in behavior and judgment. Some of the causes of dementia may include: - stroke and Alzheimer’s disease, toxic reactions such as drug abuse, nutritional insufficiency and illnesses that affect the spinal cord and the brain. It is not considered as a disease but instead, as a collection of symptoms that are brought about by the varying conditions. These signs may involve alterations in mood, personality and behavior (Kuhn and Verity 2007). Dementia can be treated and alleviated since the causing agents are treatable. Some of the treatable dementia conditions are: - substance abuse related dementia, hormone disproportion and amalgamation of medicinal tablets.

The development of dementia is due to the infection of the brain portion involved with memory, learning, language and decision- making. The most frequent basis of dementia is Alzheimer’s infection, although there are other causes. In most instances, the treatment of dementia is not possible. Since some of the causes of dementia are treatable, the diagnosis of this circumstance should be comprehensive in order to curb the prospective treatable stipulations. The frequency of curable foundation of dementia is quiet high thereby, making this condition to be controllable.

On the other hand, pseudo- dementia is regarded as counterfeit dementia, which is as a result of depressive disease leading to cognitive impairment. Pseudo-dementia is defined as a set of symptoms experienced in older individuals in which they demonstrate signs that are consistent with dementia but the origin is a pre-existing psychiatric sickness rather than a deteriorating one. As an individual gets older, the condition reverts to further depression. The prevalence of pseudo-dementia is higher in older people. Some of the forms of pseudo-dementia are: - Major depression, a problem concerning mood with severe, long lasting sadness that affects an individual’s wellbeing, dysthymic disorder, which is less rigorous but is long-term and cyclothymic disorder that is more placid as illustrated by hypomania. The causes of pseudo-dementia include: - pneumonia in old individuals, dynamic thyroid gland that derides the body and depressive infection (Eggers 2001). The signs associated with pseudo-dementia include: - forgetfulness, depression, memory predicaments, deprived concentration, suicidal thoughts and loss of energy.

To treat pseudo-dementia, the identification of symptoms and signs related to the disease is essential. The instant treatment of depression results to the clearance of pseudo-dementia. Some of the treatment methods entail: -use of antidepressants, blood testing to identify the root cause and the utilization of screening apparatus test. The projection and risk of attaining pseudo-depression are correlated with uncured depression. The psychological retardation via psychiatric management and clearance in a minimal duration can return the condition to normalcy. The prevention of pseudo-dementia employs mental and physical exercises, and the avoidance of stressful conditions.

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