The History of Law essay
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The Articles of Confederation were in force between 1781 and 1789. We can find a number of provisions in the Articles that are in the current American Constitution. The U. S. Constitution is the supreme force of the country, which guides Americans on their relationships with each other and also sets forth the rights and obligations of all citizens in the country. The Articles of Confederation had the same role between the years mentioned, but were soon revealed to tackle the loopholes in their provisions. The similarities between the Articles of Confederation and the American Constitution of 1788 exist because they both were drafted by the same authors.
One of the similarities exists in the privileges and the Immunity Act. Many inferences were traced from the Articles of Confederation to the current Constitution. This section covers the rights and privileges of non-citizens in America and the way the government should treat immigrants. In the Articles of Confederation, it is mentioned: "The free inhabitants of each of these States, paupers, vagabonds and fugitives from justice excepted, shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of free citizens in the several States." (Philip, 2003) Similarly, the Constitution provides that the people, who migrate to a certain state, have the same privileges as the indigenous inhabitants of that state. This people might be non-citizens of that state, but as long as they are within its borders, they are under the law of that state. Sometimes, they might have more privileges than they have in their own states.
The Articles of Confederation and the American Constitution also allow the government to mobilize the army to engage in war. Although, in the Constitution, the Congress has the mandate to mobilize the army, in the Articles of Confederation, the Congress did not have the ability to mobilize the army. It should be noted, that both these documents realize the need for a safer and better America. Both of them recognize that the state needs to use all the forces to ensure the safety of the citizens and the world.
Under the Articles of Confederation, the government has the right and power to enter into agreements with other nations across the globe. In the U.S. Constitution, the government has the same powers. The evidence to this is the number of treaties that the government has signed with other nations. In line with this, both the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States allow the government to welcome and host foreign dignitaries, presidents and ambassadors. The documents recognize the fact that no nation can be self-sufficient, meaning, that no nation can produce what its citizens require. As such, nations have to do business with each other, in terms of import and export. The government also has to enter into contracts in order to maintain the worldwide peace and security.
The major provisions of the United States Constitution and the Articles of Confederation revolve around power and its allocation. Both documents, first of all, declare their power. They contain the supreme law, meaning that no other law can supersede these documents. The Constitution and the Articles of Confederation also give a declaration that the United States of America is an independent nation. This is the Declaration of Independence. The documents also define the powers of the armies of the government. Both of them show how to run the government, presenting its arms and branches. The U.S. Constitution and the Articles of Confederation also declare the powers, rights and privileges of the citizens.