The OSHA Act of 1970 aimed to guarantee that employers created safe and free from acknowledged hazards to health workplace environment for employees. In order to enforce this, it was established three bodies that had interrelated function the OSHA, NIOSH, and Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2013).
The role of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is to enforce good health standards at the places of work. It achieves this through training, education in such areas that include access to information, safety working conditions, and establishing whistleblower regulations and statutes. OSHA, unlike NIOSH, enforces its standards based on regulations. OSHA also carries out inspections that enable institute to establish whether or not industries adhere to workplace safety guidelines.
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), on the other hand, is responsible for recommending ways to prevent injury and illness at work. It is an organization under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. NIOSH executes its duties through research and education.
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission (OSHRC), however, is an independent agency of the federal government. It functions as a court and can conduct hearings and render decisions through its judges. It serves to settle disputes that arise from the workplace. It decides the cases that arise from OSHA inspections and contests of penalties or even citations that arise from such inspections.
Therefore, the three bodies have different functions that relate to workplace safety. All of them established by the same act, they have been poised to work in tandem so as to ensure that the workplace is a safe environment for workers. NIOSH recommends safety guidelines, OSHA enforces them, and OSHRC decides the cases that stem from related disputes.
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