Snakes are the deadliest, lethal creatures, no doubt, nevertheless they are the mother nature's most beautiful creation. Snakes are magnificent species in our eco system. Just like other untamed creatures, their survival too is indeed vital to preserve nature's ecological equilibrium. Snakes never attack human beings willingly. They attack and become aggressive only when they are harmed or bothered without warning.There are more than 3000 types of snakes in the world, close to 600 species have been identified to be venomous. A lethal snake has extremely specialized teeth e.g. fangs which it uses inject venom. It is intended for self-defense and also to immobilization the snake. A bite of a poisonous snake rapidly affects different organs such as the heart, lungs, nervous system, muscles and red blood cells.8 of the most venomous snakes in the world are, Inland Taipan, Eastern/Common Brown snake, Bungarus, Taipans, Tiger snakes, Beaked Sea snakes, Saw scaled Viper, Coral snake, Boomslang and the Death Adder. 1) Inland Taipan also known as Fierce Snake or (Oxyuranus microlepidotus ). Its commonly found in Australia. It has the most poisonous venom of any snake. Highest yield documented (for 1 bite) is 110 milligrams. That would most likely be sufficient to kill over 130 human beings or 300,000 mice. It has an LD50 of 0.01 milligram/kg, this is around 10 times as deadly as a Mojave rattlesnake and seven hundred times as toxic as a common cobra. The Inland Taipan is inhabitant to the arid areas of central Australia, especially in the southeast side of the Northern Territory region, and east Queensland. Its also found on the north side of Lake Eyre and south of the Darling River and Murrumbidgee River. Inland Taipans are known to exist in holes, and eat small rodents such as rats. In spite of its name, the Inland Taipan is not known to be mainly hostile, but docile. It will only strike if provoked, nevertheless, injecting their exceptionally toxic venom. No deaths have been credited to this species, and most recorded bites have been to individuals who raise them in captivity or aggressively hunt for them out in the wild.The Fierce Snake has a brown or olive appearance, with consistent black marking on the back of its head. Coastal or Common Taipan is light brown and dark in color with a darker shade on the top and base and keeled on the upper scales. It is about six feet long and inhabits forests and woodlands.(Joseph 96)
2) Common Brown Snake (Pseudonaja textilis ).One ounce of this toxin is sufficient to kill a person. The Common Brown Snake- sometimes known as the Eastern Brown Snake is the 2nd most deadly land snake, it a primary inhabitant of Australia and is commonly found on Papua New Guinea's peninsula as well as Indonesia. Common Brown Snakes can move quickly and extremely aggressive. When disturbed, they will hold their necks at a high position, in a S-shape position, (Don 86). The snake can pursue an aggressor and strike at it continually. It mainly feeds on frogs and small mammals. Its has dark red colors, the colors changes and becomes paler on the underside.3) Blue Krait /Malayan or (Bungarus candidus ),This type of snake is found in Southeast Asia and Indonesia. Fifty percent of the recorded bites from this snake are lethal even when antivenin treatment is used .Bungarus are ophiophagous, primarily preying on other snakes (including poisonous species) and are cannibalistic, eating other bungarus. They will also feed on small lizards. All Blue kraits/Malayan are nocturnal. Its more passive throughout the daylight hours, and more hostile during the night. Nevertheless, they are rather shy and will often conceal their heads inside their coiled bodies for safety (Scott 211). When in this position, they will now and again whip their tail about as a form of diversion.Its extremely venomous snake. It has black or bluish-black colors on its back with a white thin cross-bands and a thin head. Its normal length is about 90 centimeters. It is more vigorous at night than throughout the day. It is fifteen times more lethal than the ordinary cobra. Its poison is a great neurotoxin, which leads to respiratory failure of its victim4)Taipan also known as (Oxyuranus scutellatus ).The poison delivered in a one Taipan strike is sufficient to kill up to twelve thousand guinea pigs. The ordinary taipan is the 3rd-most toxic snake in the world and possibly the 2nd-largest lethal snake in Australia (the 1st perhaps being the king brown or mulga snake,also called Pseudechis australis) (Will 141). The risk posed by the coastal taipan was shown to Australian public in 1950, when Kevin Budden a herpetologist was lethally bitten when capturing the first specimen accessible for ant venom study5) Tiger Snake also known as (Notechis scutatus ).
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All Notechis types have a very powerful neurotoxin venom, which causes coagulopathic ,neurotoxic, myolytic and hemolytic reactions; death and paralysis in the victim can result in as short as forty minutes, but if it ensures it is typically on the duration of six to twenty hours after the bite. Tiger Snakes have historically been a important provider to envenomation of snakebites in Australia. Before this development of precise antivenom, Tiger Snake bite deaths probably approached eighty percent in cases of severe bites. Precise antivenoms are obtainable for the healing of tiger snake bites. Luckily the snake will usually flee if an intrusion occurs but will become hostile if cornered.6) Beaked Sea Snake also known as (Enhydrina schistosa )This is a type of snake. It is commonly found in the Arabian Sea and the Oman Prussian gulf, south of the Madagascar and Seychelles the seas off South Asia ( India, Pakistan and Bangladesh), Southeast Asia Burma, Vietnam and Thailand, and Australia (Queensland and Northern Territory) and Papua New Guinea.They are mostly found in mangrove swamps.7) Saw Scaled Viper also known as (Echis carinatus ).Echis carinatus is a toxic viper species originating in parts of the Central Asia and Middle East, and particularly the Indian continent. It is the tiniest of the Big 4 risky snakes of India. 4 subspecies are at present recognized.This type of species is typically nocturnal and crepuscular, even though there have been news of their activity in daylight hours. Throughout they daytime they usually conceal themselves in all kinds of places, e.g. deep holes, rock cracks an fallen rotted logs. In dusty environments, they may hide themselves exposing only the head. Often, they are mainly energetic after rains or on moist nights.When troubled, they put on a characteristic threat display.They shift about mainly side twisting: a technique at which they are significantly proficient and frighteningly quick. They are also able of other types of locomotion, but side twisting seems to be most excellent suited to moving in sandy habitats. It might also enable them from overheating too rapidly, as they leave only 2 points of contact with the hot sand.This species of snakes is commonly found climbing in bushes, from time to time as much as 2 meters above the ground. When rain comes about, up to 50 percent of the adult population will slither into bushes and trees. its was once observed how some 20 individuals had climbed on top of a one cactus or tall shrub.8 ) Coral Snake also known as(Micrurus fulvius).Coral snakes differ extensively in their activities, but the majority are very mysterious, fossorial snakes which use up the greater part of their time hidden in the earth or in leaf debris of the rainforest bottom, appearing on the surface throughout rains or in the breeding period. Some variety, similar to Micrurus surinamensis are more or less completely aquatic and use up most of their life in fast moving water such as rivers that have thick undergrowth.Similar to all other elapid snakes, coral snakes (Micrurus fulvius). make use of a couple of tiny fangs, that are set at the top of their upper jaw, to release venom into the victim. Owing to the duration it takes for the toxin take achieve its purpose, coral snakes usually grasp on to prey when biting, contrasting with vipers which possess retractable fangs on their top jaws and are inclined to strike and release the victim right away (Erick 45) . Coral snakes are not hostile however, they account for fewer than a one percent of snake bites every year in the USA. Nearly all coral snake bites take place because of unintentionally disturbing the snake while doing activities such as gardening.Owing to the small body size of coral snakes and their much lesser fangs than vipers, bites are commonly in vain and cant penetrate leather shoes or even chunky garments. This combined with the fact that they are rather timid and isolated makes bites quite uncommon. Nevertheless, coral snakes are extremely poisonous, being the only family member of the cobra mainly inhabiting the New World. In spite of their moderately small size, their toxin is a dominant neurotoxin, reasonably able to kill an fully developed human being. 1 single bite from a coral snake ought to be considered fatal and instant treatment should be required.Possible delay in reaction makes handling coral snake bites predominantly tricky, and often pre-emptive treatment is appropriate whether one is showing reactions or not. When the neurotoxin get into the victim, it causes the neurotransmitters connecting the muscles and brain to break down. Primary symptoms are inaudible speech, having difficulty when swallowing and double vision but can rapidly advance to muscular paralysis, as well as cardiac and respiratory malfunction if not treated.Snakes can instigate either awe or horror - we feel affection for them or extreme dislike them - there isn't a middle ground. They rattle and hiss, they shed their skin they never blink. Several species are capable of puffing themselves up while others can simply play dead. Some snakes have peculiar protrusions but worst of all, their poison can lead to severe pain or fatality in a matter of minutes if sprayed or through a bite. For the majority of us, this single characteristic alone is capable of nightmares. Yet in spite of a dreadful nature snakes are a fundamental element of our ecology.
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