History of Latin America

The argument by some historians and commentators that Latin America got off to a bad start in comparison with its British-settled northern neighbors in the Americas is true because of a number of reasons and historical background in the region. Comparable ethnicities had a completely different social, cultural, and economic orientation. However, the difference has over the years been reduced and overcome by the aspect of globalization.

It is prudent to note that, the norm for most of the Latin American countries was a continuous struggle for power. Mexico experienced a populist revolution in 1911 that installed to power one party, that has dominated on the political landscape in this country ever since. In addition, Central America was predominated by military governments, which in many ways have reduced the pace of economic development (Gugelberger, 1996). Chile, Uruguay, and Argentina, which set good examples of democratic governments for the rest of Latin America, were later engulfed by the rule of modern caudillos in the form of military juntas.

British-settled northern neighbors of Latin America had well established democratic governments, whose rule was based on the strong constitutionalism. Towards this time, their political and economic growth was faster comparing to its counterpart in the south. United States and Canada are good examples to show how British-settled northern countries were more developed that the Latin American ones.

In conclusion, Latin America can still catch up with its northern counterparts in terms of political and economic growth. This, however, will depend on a number of factors such as installation of democratic governments, which uphold the rule of law; well established constitution, which not only protects people in all spheres of life, but also recognizes the conventional global challenges. In the struggle of Latin America for the complete liberate from the tenets of dictatorship regimes, United States play a pivotal role in the conflict between democracy and dictatorship throughout the region.

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