Freud’s theory of personality essay

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Freud’s theory of personality posits that human behavior is composed of three parts which constitute the psyche. The three psychic elements develop at different stages with the Id developing first, then the ego, and,, lastly, the superego. The Id is the instinctive primal part of consciousness controlling the gratification of human desire. The ego, on the other hand, develops at a latter stage in life and is responsible for controlling the instinctive nature of Id according to reality. The superego develops the last; this is the part that controls the morality and conscientiousness of the psyche. The three parts are thus involved in the gratification of the needs but in different ways (Zulke and Jacqueline 456-503). The Id is instinctive and base and is directed at only the satisfaction of human needs and desires. The ego, on the other hand, ensures that the needs are gratified through application of reality in order to satisfy these needs. The superego, on the other side, ensures that gratification is attained according to conscience and moral standards of the person. The ego is thus the controller of the moral and conscientious superego and the instinctive Id thus maintaining a balance between the two (Zulke and Jacqueline 456-503).

Chapter 38:

I have experienced Freudian psychology when I had a situation in which I believe there was a contest going on in my psyche. One of my best experiences I had was the time when I was trying to adopt a healthy lifestyle after watching a wellness program on TV. One morning, I was feeling very hungry and I went to the canteen. I was torn between the sweet smells of fries and chocolate coming from one end of the cafeteria while another part of my brain told me to take only juice. I felt that the Id was for the tastier fries while the superego was for the juice. In the end, the superego won by settling for juice and a doughnut, therefore, catering for both parts of the psyche.

The young adult stage is the sixth stage of Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development. This period is also known as trust versus mistrust as this is the conflict which occurs at this stage of development.  During this stage, the young adult is in a period of exploration of interpersonal relationships. It is vital during the period that the person develops close relationships with people around order to be deemed to have been successful relations at this stage of development (Zulke and Jacqueline 506-533). Since every step of psychosocial development is important for the development of subsequent stages, this stage is a very crucial one in the development of proceeding stages. According to research literature, persons who were unsuccessful at this stage of development tended to be less involved in committed relationships; as such, they tended to be more emotionally isolated, lonely, and depressed.

During this stage, the conflict that is resolved is the intimacy versus isolation in interrelationships. This is resolved when the young person at this stage decides to develop intimate relationships or opts for isolation. The person who opts for isolation will thus be depressed, lonely, and isolated from other people around him. There are certain issues in the life of the young person which lead to the opting for isolation over intimacy. Issues of child abuse, low sense of self and the lack of appreciation would result into isolation rather than intimacy. Such a young person would consequently live a life of depression, loneliness, and isolation (Zulke and Jacqueline 506-533). This would be detrimental to their relationships with others since such persons would not be able otof express their feelings and emotions or they would express them in a negative manner.

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