Modern Era in the Middle East essay
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The Middle East has been a subject of controversy for centuries. The religious and political atmosphere in the region has always been tense. The religious and cultural differences of the inhabitants of the Middle East have led to the formation of numerous factions. The political atmosphere of the Middle East has been factorized by a civil strife for generations. In an attempt to understand the complexities of the modern era in the Middle East, it is essential to address the factors that have contributed to the current atmosphere and politics in the Middle East. The most significant contributors to the complexities in the Middle East are religion and natural resources.
The Middle East is attributed to the inception and the growth of the world’s first civilization. Therefore, the most dominant religions of Islam and Christianity originate from the Middle East. Both religions being subscribers of the same religious origin struggle to gain control of the Middle East as their stronghold. The Jewish believers and Christians believe that the Middle East encompasses their founding fathers homeland. Christians and the Jews also believe that the Middle East is the Promised Land given by God.
However, the Arab community, which preaches Islam, has never agreed to this line of thought and arguments. Their position is that the Middle East is their native homeland and the Jewish migration to the region has culminated to an invasion to their land. The Israeli Arab conflict is significantly premised on religious beliefs. The affiliation of Christian nations to Israel and the Islamic communities to the Arab community in the Middle East caused the division of opinions across the world. The dispute concerning the rightful occupants of the Middle East has been a controversy for decades. The complexity of the Middle East has been significantly influenced by religious affiliations and beliefs.
According to the article “Middle East”, the land problem in the Middle East has been a thorn in the flesh for Middle Eastern countries. The creation of the Israel nation significantly contributed to the land disputes and controversies in the region. The colonialist British government made a promise to the Arab leaders in the region that they would help with the creation of an Arab state. However, this was on condition that they would topple and overthrow the governing regime of that time. The reasons behind the scheme were that at that time the prevailing Ottoman Empire supported Germany in its world war campaigns. However, the British government failed to honor its agreement of establishing an Arab state in the region on the basis of the Balfour declaration (Shah). The declaration stated that the British government supported the creation of the Israeli nation.
The vote by the United Nations general assembly to create the Jewish state of Israel did not help to mitigate the existing land problem. The recommendation to divide Palestine into Israel and Arab state was not welcomed by the Arab leaders of the region. The allocation of a bigger portion of the disputed land to the Jews, which were a minority, served as an indicator of the favoritism of the United Nations General Assembly. This decision was supported by the United States of America, which promised to be impartial to the land problem in the Middle East. The rationale of the members of the United Nations General Assembly to align with Israel was motivated by their religious beliefs and alliance with the Jewish community.
The creation and declaration of the Israel nation in 1948 was denounced by the Arab community. The division of Palestine was objected resulting in the denial of Israel’s existence by the Arab community (Kamrava 83). Israel was faced with a threat of invasion, when Arab countries in the Middle East combined forces against the Jewish nation. However, their combined efforts to destroy the Jewish state and to claim back the land were not successful. Complicated retaliatory relationships commenced between Israel and her neighbors. The modern political atmosphere in the Middle East is significantly influenced by the events of the establishment of the Jewish nation.
The land problem is a critical factor in the political and religious aspects of Palestine and neighboring regions of the Middle East. However, the land problem escalates across the Middle East. The countries of the Middle East are characterized by internal factions, which control the given sector of the region. The availability of oil in the region motivates the rise of groups with an objective to control oil fields. These have led to the complexity in the region resulting from the competition for control over the oil fields. The world economies are extensively dependent on oil derived from the Middle East. The struggle to control this invaluable natural resource leads to a division among leaders and a manipulation by vested parties.
The availability of oil in the Middle East has contributed to a significant civil strife in the region. The Western countries, including the United States and Europe, vested interests in the control of the oil industry. Their interests motivated the funding of factions to topple hard-lined administrations against the outside influence on their oil policies and industry. The objective of western countries is to fund and control factions in the Middle East and to gain access and control of oil. However, these efforts are met with resistance, which leads to a perpetual civil strife in the region. Oil being a determinant of the world economies and the wealth is a powerful tool.
The modern era in the Middle East remains complex because of the oil factor in the region. The attempts to dominate and exploit the Middle East have led to resentment of the Western world by the Middle Eastern communities. Their view is that the Western world is capable and willing to plunge the region towards an infinite civil strife, as long as they need the region's oil resource. The Middle Eastern problems are significantly influenced by external factors and aggression. The world’s dependence on oil leaves the Middle East to be prone to political manipulations and unrest. The funding of factions within the Middle East has contributed to the regions complexity. The struggle to control the region’s resources has left the Middle East with indignity, negative publicity and demonizing of Islamic religious beliefs.
The attempts of the West to control the Middle East have failed tremendously. The involvement of the West in the invasion in the Middle Eastern countries has led to resentment and loathing by the Middle Eastern countries. The United States funds Middle Eastern administrations in the hope of controlling them and their natural resources (Halliday 275). If a Middle Eastern administration resists, it is branded as a terrorism-supporting administration. The efforts of the United States to control the Middle East have led to its invasion in such countries as Iraq to look for weapons of mass destruction or terrorists. The reality is that its intention is to hoard oil for itself as spoils of war. The Western countries’ invasion in the Middle Eastern without adequate evidence to warrant their actions is critical. These actions demean the Middle Eastern countries’ sovereignty and ability to govern themselves without external influences. The Middle Eastern communities have become resentful of the Western countries and especially of the United States of America. This is based on the U. S. Policy of terror in the Muslim community painted as barbaric, cruel and abusive for the human rights. These observations have led to stereotyping the Middle East as the hub for terrorists and extremist groups. Although, the Muslim community is not liable for the actions of a few misguided individuals which resort to violence against innocent civilians. It is essential to observe that, the complexity of the relationships between the Western countries and the Middle East has been culminated by the Western countries’ attempt to control and manipulate the Middle Eastern administrations and its oil resources.
The Western countries campaigns to demonize the Islamic community in the Middle East have led to retaliatory attacks by extremist groups. These groups’ actions are motivated by the United States actions against the Muslim community and favoritism towards the Israeli nation. The events of the 9/11th of September are an indicator of these groups’ feelings towards the United States. The invasion in Iraq and the subsequent problems arising during and after the invasion is symbolic to the complex effects caused by the United States in the Middle East. The rise of factions fighting against each other for resources became prevalent after the United States invasion, which failed to maintain law and order. The complexities of the modern era in the Middle East are caused by a single factor, but by many aspects of the region and its administration.
The significant influence of the Middle East is based on the religious beliefs and available natural resources. The Middle East divides the world into two principal religious groupings of Muslims and Christians. The natural resources in the region have led to a civil strife as a result of greedy factions fighting against each other for a control. These factions may be influenced by external or internal factors. However, it is conclusive to acknowledge that the availability of oil as a natural resource will continue to complicate the region’s political and social atmosphere. The religious and cultural history of the region has prevailed in determining the politics of the region. Therefore, the complexities of the modern Middle East are a perpetuation of pre-existing problem and conflict, whose solution has remained elusive up-to-date.