In the start and in the middle of the 19th century, Pablo Picasso’s works were those of romanticism. Romanticism is a cultural movement that began in the end of the 18th century, a period that was controlled by the enlightenment. Enlightenment appeared to be the result of advance in the scientific techniques of arts and favored an environment of reason and validation. The romanticists began to rebel against the school of thought by stressing the importance of aesthetics, emotions and imagination. The final consequence of this development would be abstract art, in which the cubism of Pablo Picasso’s would play a crucial role. As a result, Picasso began to make the developments of the romantic style of painting in the start of the 19th century. The Rose Period (1904 - 1906) by Pablo Picasso is one of his work periods that witnessed representing of women in a romantic way (Jeffrey 56).
The Rose Period started in 1904 when Picasso changed his paintings into the blue style, whereby his works were mainly blue in color. This was a period of time where the women were among the subjects depicted in his works of art. “The Seated Female Nude” of 1905 is one of the works where the woman was largely represented. Picasso’s work in this era gained back its romantic quality in a sequence of paintings. “The Seated Female” piece of art was done in warmer colors and most of them were in the pink color. The style used in the Rose Period in “The Seated Female Nude” shows a person that is recognizable, rather than the person itself. The subject in the piece of art is characterized instead of being portrayed. This is a significant step of Pablo Picasso’s work to the direction of the abstract art (Jeffrey 70).
The work of Henry Matisse in the 19th century portrays a more relaxed and soft approach, especially viewing the woman image. “The Dance1” and “The Dance 2” are some of the works by Matisse that have different and soft approach on women. These works of art generally present the monumental idea of joy and energy, Matisse made these paintings in the year 1910. The composition of these works entails the simplification of the woman’s body anatomy. There may also be mentioned notable visual flatness that entails the elimination of perspective and foreshortening the image in order it could look the same size while near or far to the viewer. Matisse also incorporates the blue color to these pieces of art. This is an era that Matisse has personal appreciation for the woman and all his works of this period are characterized much by the art in the post-World War I era and also the neocolonialism of Pablo Picasso. Some events, including the torturing of his daughter in the Renaissance period, also the impact of the woman taking care of him, became the basis for appreciation of women by Henry Matisse (Flam 141).
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“The Dance 11” is a more advanced representation of the woman. The work is painted with the deep red color that shows more energy and joy among the dancing women. These women do not look like ordinary dancers,,,instead they are abstract representation of the creatures in timeless landscape. “The Dance” paintings, according to Matisse, meant life and rhythm. When Matisse initially painted this work, the early audiences could not find the charm and grace in the painting, they only saw there five figures they could not capture the real meaning of. A century later, this painting becomes extremely popular as classic evocation of grace and the representation of appreciating the beauty of the woman (Flam 145).