French wine constitutes more than 15 percent of the world export. In general, this sector brings 18 billion euros for the economy and supports 12000 workplaces. France is the homeland of prestigious wine sorts such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Champagne, Bordeaux, Chardonnay, Burgundy, Pinot Noir, and Sauvignon Blanc. The Champagne and Bourgogne regions are situated in the eastern part of France, near the borders of Belgium and Luxembourg (Champagne Region).
The fact is that wine business has an extremely vital impact on each wine producing region. Many people are involved in this industry; as a result, one of the major influences on the economy is the increase in employment. Another significant issue is tourism. For example, in France, there are many unique tourist tours to regions of wine production, where it is possible to visit the excursion and taste different types of wine. As a result, tourism develops the infrastructure of wine regions. Hotels and restaurants become more employable and get more profit through wine tourism. Wine business in Champagne and Bourgogne also brings profit to the regions through taxes, and, consequently, the regions become more developed. Another significant issue is that wine industry and wine tourism improve the image of both regions, which helps to attract more visitors, tourists, as well as investments. Wine making develops tourism and service sector, which are essential for France, and play one of the major roles in the economy.
There are two types of wine, red and white. Comparing two winemaking regions of France, Champagne and Bourgogne, the former mostly produces white sparkling wine, while Bourgogne produces more red wine. Champagne region, which is famous for its sparkling wine, is more successful in wine producing than Bourgogne. Both regions base their economies on vineyards. That is why the main spheres that influence the economy of both regions are wine tourism, hotel industry and gastronomy. The difference between Champagne and Bourgogne regions is that they produce different types of wine. Bourgogne is famous for its sophisticated types of wine like Pinot Noir and Chardonnay (Coates 2008). The resorts situated in this region are mostly luxurious, while Champagne is more accessible for middle-class visitors. Such sorts of grapes as Pinot Noir and Chardonnay are used in producing wine in both regions, Champagne and Bourgogne. In addition, wine affects the peculiarities of cuisine, as each type of wine should be served with particular food. In fact, these differences influence the food industry and food production of both regions. For example, in Champagne, the agricultural industry is more essential than in Bourgogne and brings more profit to the region (Liger-Belair 2004).
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Champagne and Bourgogne regions are famous not only by their wines, but also by cuisine. Gastronomy of each region depends on wine produced there. Champagne produces mostly white wine which is served with light meat and fish dishes, as well as seafood (squid, oysters, mussels, octopus, and shrimp), while Bourgogne produces mainly red wine which is served with meat, namely beef, poultry, pork, as well as low-fat cheese types (Sutcliffe 1988). Consequently, the most spread dishes in Champagne are seafood dishes. On the contrary, in Bourgogne region, cuisine includes meet dishes. Bourgogne is famous by such dishes like beef bourguignon, coq au vin and Epoisses cheese (Regional gastronomy Champagnend). In addition, such dishes as Sainte-Ménehould pig's trotters, Ardennes ham and Rethel white sausage are originated from Champagne.
In conclusion, wine business is an essential part of the French economy. There are two main regions involved in this field, which became successful all over the world, Champagne and Bourgogne. The fact is that wine business influences these two regions and improves their regional economy and development. After comparing both regions, it can be concluded that they have many similarities and differences in the way of producing wine and their influence on the French economy and gastronomy.
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