Managerial accounting which is also referred to as management accounting refers to the act of collecting, provision and use of accounting information by managers. Therefore, managerial accountants collect and evaluate accounting information that is fundamental for the management of an organization. The managerial report provides the manager with vital information that is essential for business running. Accordingly, it is geared towards improving the general business environment (Brewer, 2009).
Managerial accounting is imperative in achieving organizational goals. This is because, the managerial accountant report focuses on the internal financial issues, estimates, benchmarks and indicators hence paramount for decision making, planning and control. In essence, managerial accounting helps managers to achieve their organizational mandate by providing them with the basis of formulating, implementing and evaluating strategic decisions. Further, managerial accounting helps in policy formulation and improving available accounting data for purposes of decision making. This is crucial in advancing the role of the manager, monitoring performance and managing the risk factors in an organization (Brewer, 2009).
Strategic decisions are long term decisions that are in line with the vision and mission of an organization. The main concern of strategic decisions is the core functioning of all the aspects of an organization. Therefore, it is essential for the growth of an organization. Managerial accountants provide very detailed accounting reports for specific aspects of the organization. This may include a specific issue such as how to improve profitability through costing. By providing detailed information about specific attributes or issues in the organization through analytical reports, managerial accountants help the management team to come up with rational decisions that are based on the accounting reports.
Further, managerial accountants reports are concerned with the future of the organization and as a result, they provide a road map towards actualizing strategic decisions through planning and evaluation. Therefore, managerial accountants support strategic decisions by providing relevant information that triggers the decisions and monitors the progress of the implementation process (Brewer, 2009).
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Implementing strategy is part of managing organizational strategy. Normally senior managers and middle level managers are tasked with strategy formulation while the low level managers are tasked with overseeing strategy implementation. Managers implement strategies by utilizing all the support systems in the organization. This encompasses using the organizational design in order to ensure that the implementation process is in line with the goals, mission and vision of the organization.
Through the organizational structure, managers subdivide the tasks involved in implementation and they also assign specific tasks to specific departments or individuals. The managers oversee the implementation process through progress reports. This is done to ensure that efficiency is achieved. Managers also monitor the level of quality and the implementation stages. The core role of managers during the implementation process is to coordinate with the employees and motivate them in order to achieve the overall organizational goal (Hill & Jones, 2008).
Strategy implementation involves a number of steps. For managers to implement their strategic decisions successfully, they need to organize their strategy into different actions and link them with specific departments in the organization. This is referred to as grouping. Managers also need to organize the whole layout plan in terms of factors involved, resources required and the time frame within which the implementation process should take.
After organizing the layout, managers need to acquire the resources required in the implementation process. This includes financial, labor and infrastructure requirements. To achieve this, the manager is required to contact heads of departments and suppliers. This is later followed by the actual implementation through undertaking the stipulated actions and procedures in the implementation plan. Throughout the implementation process, the manager is supposed to monitor the progress of the project through evaluation in order to ensure that the project progresses as planned. This is done through continuous evaluation (Hill & Jones, 2008).
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