Before the UCC and the UCITA,   one of the first, and most significant, of the U.S.  government's attempts to promote uniformity in commercial laws from state to state  was  Article One Section Eight of  its  constitution. Clause  one  gives congress  the  power  to   lay  and  collect  taxes ,excises , imposts  and  duties  and  stipulates  that  these  would  be  uniform  throughout  the  united  states. Clause  4 aims  at  establishing  a  uniform  rule  of  naturalization  and  also  uniform  laws  regarding  bankruptcies  in  the  fifty  states  of  the    united  states (Horwill ,1925).  Enforcement  of    this  law definitely  promoted  uniformity  in  the  area  of  computer  information  transactions.The  major  difference  between  UCITA  and  UCC  is  that  ,UCITA   excludes   all  goods  type  transactions  unlike  the  second  article  of  UCC  which  caters  for  them.  UCITA  is  also  seen  as  drafted  to  favor  the  software  industry  and  big  firms  unlike  the  UCC (Founds , 1999). It  makes  it  simpler  for  software  publishers  as  well  as  access  providers  to  avoid  being  sued  in  the  event  of  contract  breach. UCITA  also  allows software  vendors  to  open  up  the  terms  of  contract  after  the  buyer has  acquired  the  software. UCITA  allows  a  larger  number  of  oral  contracts  than  UCC (Founds , 1999).

The  difference  between  licensing   and  selling  a product  is  that, licensing  allows  other  people  to  use  the  product  while  the  owner  of  the  product   still  retains  the  control  over  its  copyright  while  selling  gives  the  buyer  the  full  rights  to  the  product  hence  he/she  can  make  copies  of  the  product, and  even  distribute  them.

Change  over  from  one  system  to  another  is  normally  carried  out  in  phases. UCITA  was  basically  made  to  replace  UCC  article  2B (Thierer , 2003).  Some  firms , for  instance  the  American  law  institute  which  originally  were  involved  in  the  drafting  of  UCITA  withdrew  their  sponsorship citing  lack  of  balance  in  the  new  draft. This  coupled  with  criticism  by  many  on  UCITA  has  made  it  difficult  for  UCITA  to  be  used  instead  of  UCC (Thierer , 2003).

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