Since ancient times, different art forms tend to express how differently generations perceive peculiarities of their life. Facing with the certain art movement, a person sees the uniqueness of society, its problems and its way of thinking. What is more important, an art movement shows the level of social consciousness. In the beginning of 20th century, the war swept through the world. Despite the fact that the World War ll was not the first war in the history, the level of social consciousness was too high to make people accept the agony of war. Whereas the art movement, called Dadaism was the fist answer to the terrible weapons of warfare, Surrealism was the artistic rethinking of reality. It became misunderstood and meaningless, as the society was too high in the scale of civilization.
Surrealism is not only about the escape, it is also an internal search. Intelligent society felt the bottomless consciousness’ potential and started to search for inspiration from within. For example, works of Yves Tanguy showed the uniqueness of forms, unreality of vision, and unexpectedness of thinking, his work were merely devoted to violence. The expressiveness of colours were presented by Max Ernst, his works were as child’s bright dreams or superimposed person’s memories. Salvador Dalí showed surrealism in conceptuality and manifested it in different art forms, such as filmmaking, sculpture, etc. He emphasized the reality of dream, the concept of surrealistic rethinking.
The revolutionary art movement called Surrealism expressed personal feelings of society, its misunderstanding of violence. The concept of imaginary world that is all around, but at the same time, it lives in our consciousness. Surrealism begins “where objects float hesitantly in the underwater light, shifting with the depth and tide” (James Thrall Soby, Yves Tanguy, NY, 1955).
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