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Reflection of Our Worldview in Decision Making Regarding Suffering and Death

The belief of traditional Eastern pantheism denotes the ideology that God is best witnessed in the process of relating to the world with the key idea covering the sacred aspect of nature (Armstrong, 2003).

 

  • Table 1

Assumption

Naturalism

Secular Humanism

Atheistic Existentialism

Eastern Pantheism

New Age

Christianity

Reality

 

 

 

 

Ultimate and absolute

 

 

Knowledge

 

 

 

 

Intellectual

 

 

Human nature

 

 

 

No ultimate destiny

 

 

Human problems

 

 

 

Suffering and evil are not actually real

 

 

Solutions to human problems

 

 

 

Human try to be "good" and be morally upright with hopes of getting a reward in the next life for the goodness

 

 

Human value

 

 

 

Common human values are having family and friends

 

 

Human purpose

 

 

 

To develop the  flow of humancivilization

 

 

Ethics

 

 

 

They are not absolute to reach enlightenment of being good

 

 

Suffering

 

 

 

Are not actually real but just an illusion of those experiencing them

 

 

The meaning of life

 

 

 

Is to pass beyond all self-awareness and existence, and to realize one's oneness

 

 

Human desire

 

 

 

Should be beyond moral concerns for human actions

 

 

 

 

 

  • Table 2

Worldview

Life Domain: Money & Career

Life Domain: Sexuality

Life Domain: Family

Life Domain: Suffering & Death

Life Domain: Friends

Comparison to Christianity

 

Naturalism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secular Humanism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atheistic Existentialism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eastern Pantheism

They holds no intrinsic good nature

Sexuality is given by morality

Dependent on the country's law and the main religion

Death of an organism is not its end, but as merely a change.

nonsensical illusion

Cannot be used to produce a syncretistic world   religion.

New Age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Personal Reflection

Pantheism is basically considered as related to theism, though there is a denial of the theist claims of existence of personal God. It however recognizes the involvement of systematic and rational function of universe and nature (Hanegraaff, 1996).

 

Assumption

Naturalism

Secular Humanism

Atheistic Existentialism

Eastern Pantheism

New Age

Christianity

Reality

 

 

 

 

 

Reality is sentient.

Reality is not sentient.

Knowledge

 

 

 

 

 

Has actual place in reality

Has no actual place in reality

Human nature

 

 

 

 

Do not relate so much on morals.

More related on morals, rather than biological, psychological, sociological, or other aspects.

Human problems

 

 

 

 

Suffering re not actually real

Suffering is related to sins

Solutions to human problems

 

 

 

 

Can only be solved through human realization and interaction.

God can provide a solution to all human problems.

Human value

 

 

 

 

Is basically determined by the value the human put on themselves.

The value is determined by the moral standards a person expresses.

Human purpose

 

 

 

 

Is to achieve a high psychological and realization status.

Is to fulfill the purpose that they were created by God for.

Ethics

 

 

 

 

Ethics are not a real justification of being good.

Good behaviors are the basis of a good Christian.

Suffering

 

 

 

 

Are just an illusion.

Sins and suffering are related.

The meaning of life

 

 

 

 

Its beyond existence and awareness.

It’s a concept of existence, social ties, and happiness.

Human desire

 

 

 

 

Is to have wealth, power, health, and fame,

 Is to have obedience, self sacrificing and willing to perform God’s will

 

 

 

  • Table 2

Worldview

Life Domain: Money & Career

Life Domain: Sexuality

Life Domain: Family

Life Domain: Suffering & Death

Life Domain: Friends

Comparison to Christianity

Naturalism

 

 

 

 

 

 

Do not belong to the same level.

Secular Humanism

 

 

 

 

 

Universal human dignity and individual freedom are essential.

Atheistic Existentialism

 

 

 

 

 

It is just a religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus.

Eastern Pantheism

 

 

 

 

 

Eastern religions emanate from personal mystical experiences.

New Age

 

It’s the extension of one’s personal power.

Accept ones sexual orientation however it is.

Marriage and family are viewed as outdated.

It is an illusion created by the mind. It does not really exist.

Treat their friends with love and respect even though we disagree with their theology.

 

Christianity

It’s a gift from God.

Viewed as evil and sinful unless in marriage.

Fulfils the purpose  of human life.

Is a causal effect of sins.

Take friends as brothers and sisters in Christ.

 

 

 

Personal Reflection

 

New age movements are seems somehow odd and distinctive to most of ancient believers. But there is no actual difference between object and people and their beliefs. The new age looks forward to global unity and oneness where there is much emphasis on advancement in science telecommunication which will lead to global cohesion and unity.

It may look arrogant to describe in fair terms the view of the world in simple terms. The pantheists, who view God as always everywhere has no personality, and the physical world around is just an illusion. If therefore their belief is right, our main goal should to establish reality of the relationship between man and God. Though it is very hard to fully answer such questions in such short essays, the cosmology of most Eastern religions is a cyclical repeats of creation and destruction. My view is that above all these hypotheses and believes science is the inherent way out to provide credible solutions to issues.

 

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