The Major Causes of the American Revolution, Long-Range, and Especially Developments from 1763 to 1776

Historical events do not exist outside of space and time. According to researchers, it is necessary to search for the causes of the American Revolution in the previous history of the development of human society. So far, among the historians studying the American Revolution, there is no consensus either in identifying the causes of the revolution, in its terms or in determining the outcome and significance of this event. It was a war between Great Britain and thirteen colonies situated in North America. This revolution ended with the independence of all thirteen states after the Treaty of Paris. There is not a definite event that may be called as the main actual cause of the American War of Independence, however, a large number of political reasons, economic reasons, and introduction of certain acts led to it. The main social reason was that Americans complained about how they were treated by British colonizers. They started the Revolution in order to deserve the same rights as British. The British believed that colonized people must be treated in a way to protect the parliament and the crown. “No taxation without representation” was the famous American slogan. The road to Revolution was very slow, but it followed a clear course. Proclamation of 1763 may be considered as the attempt to prevent American colonists from going to Appalachian Mountains by establishing the western boundaries. Americans took offense at this order. The Sugar Act of 1764 was the next step. British colonizers introduced taxes not only on sugar but wine and other things. The British wanted to force colonists to cell produced goods to Britain instead of other countries. With the Currency Act, the British colonizers began to regulate the paper money that were issued by the thirteen colonies of the North America. The currency of the British colonies was dangerous for the British trade. Afterwards, Committees of Correspondence, which spread propaganda, were created. By Quartering Act of 1765, British imposed indirect taxes for the colonists. The Stamp Act was passed in 1765 and was the first direct tax passed by British Parliament (all the previous were hidden on indirect), which required tax stamps. A large number of printed materials newspapers, magazines and legal documents were printed in the stamped paper which carried the embossed revenue stamp. One more factor which led to the American War of Independence was the protest march started by the colonies which were called Sons and Daughters of Liberty. They fought against imposing non-importation agreements. It was made up of the American Patriots and was a secret political party. Their main aim was to bring the changes in the way the British colonizers treated the American colonies. It is not a full list of acts that infringe upon the rights of American people.

Tension between the American colonists and the British colonizers grew and sometimes there existed some minor skirmishes. The Boston massacre was the first open clash between soldiers of opposite sides. The famous Boston Tea Party as well as Tea Act took place in 1773, according to which British East India Company was given a monopoly to trade tea in America.

First Continental Congress took place in 1774 resulted by the creation The Association for a boycott of British goods. In April, 1775, it was ordered to seize stores of gunpowder for British troops.

Second Continental Congress was held in 1775, during which all thirteen British colonies were represented in Philadelphia in the beginning of May. The head of the Continental Army was George Washington.

Finally, George III proclaimed all the 13 colonies in rebellion in 1775. That was an important fact in history of American Revolution.

In conclusion, it should be said that The American War of Independence, the so-called the American Revolution was a very noticeable event in US history. It grew out of an increasing number of restrictions introduced by the British to thirteen American states that were British colonies. Proclamation of 1763, Quartering Act, Currency Act, Sons and Daughters of Liberty, Boston Massacre, Stamp Act, Committees of Correspondence, Stamp Act Congress, Tea Act and Boston Tea Party, Sugar Act, First and Second Continental Congress, Intolerable Acts, Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill were the most significant causes that led to American war of Independence.



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