The immigration policy in the United States is set under the Immigration and Nationality Act in relation to various objectives. For instance, the immigration policy serves to facilitate the re-union of families drawn from different parts of the world by allowing people with families in the United States direct entry. Furthermore, the immigration policy aims at attracting skilled workers who are willing to fill positions in occupations experiencing major shortages. On the other hand, the policy is objectively designed to provide refuge for individuals who might be facing various threats in their home countries (Congressional Budget Office, 2010; West, 2010; DeLaet, 2000; Lowell, 2010).
The immigration policy in the United States is of particular interest in the contemporary American society, because the issue of immigration is a subject of controversy and divisiveness across the board. In fact, since the 1960s, the United States government has come under strong criticism because of the way it handles various issues pertaining both foreign-born and even the Native minority citizens (West, 2010; DeLaet, 2000). Here, many critics observe that the immigration policy in the United States is very restrictive, unfair, and biased in the whole world. Amid the intense criticism, there is evidence to suggest that the immigration policy, which is an existing public law, has played a major role in enhancing long-term economic development in the United States and other countries (Lowell, 2010).
Therefore, in order to confirm or dismiss the claims made by both the opponents and proponents of the immigration policy in the United States, this research paper will focus on the provisions of the immigration law, enforcement of the immigration policy, the impact of the immigration policy, and recommendations for future policy changes. These topics will give a broader picture of the current practices under the policy besides highlighting various loopholes and challenges, which might be the basis of various criticisms facing the current immigration policy, particularly when it comes to issues of illegal immigration. Generally, after looking at all these issues, it will then be easier to recommend various policy changes in order to address the identified loopholes and challenges.