The civil rights movement was a struggle of African Americans, which took place in the United States in the mid 1950s - late 1960s. The aim of protesters was to receive civil rights equal to those of whites. They fought for overcoming racial discrimination against the black and demanded to reinstate their voting rights.
African Americans were prepared to pursue justice in a mass movement in the 1950s, because they faced so many difficulties, including racial isolation and social injustices. This was a battle which had to be taken. Blacks in America suffered not only from poverty, but also from humiliation. The Jim Crow system of laws , which was in action between 1876 and 1965, established racial segregation. In the south, blacks did not possess the right to vote or, what made the matter worse, even to gather. They also had isolated schools, public toilets, transport and others. The situation was aggravated when, in 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, because she did not give up her seat on a city bus to a white man. So the black stood out against the injustice; they said that they could not continue living like that anymore. The Women’s Political Council was called for a boycott of the city buses as a reaction to this violence act.
Blacks were seeking some important changes. They demanded to set up a civil rights division in the Department of Justice, so that they could have the right to vote, use the same public toilets as whites and other possibilities. African Americans wanted to be protected against being pushed to the back of city buses or an «obligation» to stand up when a white lacked a seat. They strove to be equal in rights. The black were fighting for these changes through rallies. One of them took place on the 16th of October, 1995, when thousands of African Americans gathered at the National Mall, Washington, D.C., for the Million Man March. It was a daylong rally which endorsed personal responsibility and ethnic solidarity.