When times are good, the president does not have a need for aides to give him or her, clear economics policies for the future of the country, however that does not mean he does not need presidential advise from the likes of us from time to time. As a presidential adviser, I would suggest that shaky economic times are the best opportunities to forward a coherent and strategic plan to ease people’s economic burdens, failure to which will probably be fatal to his or her political career in the subsequent election. A good example is George Bush senior when he dismissed the American people’s genuine economic worries to return to the Gulf war success he had in the previous years. Another perfect example is that of John McCain, in 2008 when he failed to come up with a suitable plan to counter the financial meltdown that was crippling the country because of the global economic crisis. He was however, eager to base his arguments on the failings of his opponent, current president Barrack Obama. An adaptable lesson we can learn from this is campaign and terms served as president should be based upon the needs of the people (Edwards, 2010).
Advice on the Role of Policy Making in the Presidency
The crucial point of focus is how to get people able to support themselves quite comfortably regarding the status of living expected at the specific country. For the United States, this is a hard task already, therefore, the president will have his or her work cut out, accounting for the aspect of the enormous GDP and large population. There is a lot to lose in the case of America. The president would do well to use the campaign platform of wars, as America has been known to engage on some level in almost every conflict on the globe, whether as a peacekeeping force or having a genuine interest. The American people on the other hand, do not understand the contexts of war in their everyday lives. Thus, the president would do well to balance his campaign interests.
The focus should be on the American people. They want the faith and financial security in their financial system that a candidate with a vision for home can provide. The other areas of emphasis include the policy and decision making arenas of the presidency that a candidate should pay attention. It would be better for the president to prioritize results on the ground as a base for his success or failure. Thus, radical policy changes are very recommendable even if they do not seem to yield any benefit in the short term. The reason is that, over the years, the policy-making powers of the commander in chief have grown dramatically. The early examples, of presidential initiatives on policy include that of George Washington in setting the contours of foreign policy. Similarly, crises have also expanded the presidential powers another notch starting with the actions of President Lincoln during the civil war (Edwards, 2010).
Here, he justified the exercise of powers in such a manner by basing the claim on the gravity of the immediate situation. He asked whether it was possible to lose the nation and yet preserve the constitution. Thus, the preservation of the nation in his eyes was the ultimate act of preserving the constitution. In this way, he made a radical decision by circumventing the constitution in order to make things better for the country. The moral in this situation is that a presidential candidate or president in office would do better as to look out for the needs of the country, as a primary priority. He or she should also not be afraid of making radical decisions for the good of the nation. If anything, presidential candidates should be aware of, is people tend to prioritize the effects on the ground. A rise in the GDP in paper may not translate the same way in the general population. The president should make sure the effect is spread quite evenly.
Advice on Decision Making Factors
Another area of importance is the decision-making institution of the presidency. Decision making in this context needs a lot of examination because it is of great consequence for better or worse in the eyes of the citizens. The office of the president has become the mode for the chief agenda setting for federal policymaking. On the other hand, the existence of a presidential program may lead the top dog to raise the hopes of the general population only to dash them. In this way, the president has become one of the most visible actors in American politics. This may be a double-edged sword because the magnitude of his visibility may in turn make him the scapegoat for national woes. The president should take the factor as part of the job. Similarly, as much as a president also needs advice, as is the purpose of the paper, they should also know that aides that work in an advisory capacity might become an impediment as well as an asset in making policies (Burke, 1989).
Following the evidence that the balance between unsuccessful and successful presidential decision-making is quite unsteady, there have been repeated attempts to outline the factors that are likely to tip the balance in one way or another. The answers that have come up prove the profession of presidential adviser is quite complicated and diverse. What is apparent is that the office of the president is indeed a complex institution; where the properties of the principle associates of the commander in chief are as significant as his or her own strength’s as well as weaknesses (Bose, 1998). The presidential advisory system might and probably do include members of the institutional bureaucracy of the presidency and thus whatever the other advisors and confidants that he chooses to take consultancy from, who may or may not work for the government. This suggests that the commander in chief should from time to time take consultancy from independent contractors as they have a different perspective on things
Advice on Choosing the Cabinet
The president is not an omnipresent entity; therefore, he should in fact, delegate duties unto a group of members that head different departments in the government. This group is known as the cabinet. In the traditional sense, the membership of the cabinet has consisted on the heads of the executive departments such as the departments of defense and energy. All cabinet departments have a secretary as the head except the department of justice that is headed by the attorney general. The appointments of each of the 14 departments are the responsibility of the president himself or herself (Misiroglu, 2003). Some of the factors that generally influence whom the president appoints to these positions depend on the party of the candidate.
The president should be obligated to lean upon the major supporters of his or her campaign during the election. However, it would be better to go with the candidates that show overwhelming professional qualifications as well as on site field experience in the related area to the executive branch.
Policy Making Objectives for a President
The president should be portrayed as a pure decision-making information processor with the primary goal of seeing that the advisory system provides the basis for a well-informed choice. The president is therefore, responsible to make sure the policy system adheres to the following. For one, it should ensure that sufficient information about the information at hand is obtained and that it is analyzed quite adequately to provide the policy makers with a valid and incisive diagnosis on the scope of the problem (Edwards, 1985). The second thing is to facilitate the consideration of all the major values and interests that are affected by the policy issue that is at hand. One should also assure the search for relatively large range of options and a relatively thorough evaluation of the unexpected consequences of the decisions made at each turn.
The president should maintain receptivity to any indication that his or her current policy is not working out as expected. He must cultivate the ability to learn from experience. No one should encourage presidents to violate these policymaking steps or objectives, but it is clear that they all have real costs attached to them. At the point of taking office, the president is obligated to understand their job may very well be very complicated and that comes with the territory of the power wielded.
In the case of Bush, he preferred to pay attention to the war in Iraq as the primary priority and hoped that the American people would see the importance of pursuing some of the world’s most dangerous terrorists as a safeguard for the nation. The use of force by military invasion took a drain on the American economy. He did not foresee the zeal of avenging the terrorist attacks on the country would run out. American people found they were more interested with getting on with their lives, building themselves economically. However, the policies set were crippling the job sector. This was the death nail to the republicans and a reminder to pay attention to the needs of voters.