In 1930’s discussion on the problems facing the society in America, one of the controversial issues was the major problems that burdened people’s lives. On the one hand, Orson Welles argues that the current ideals practiced in the society in the name of leadership ought to be abolished and consequently people should be able to embrace new ways of doing things. He uses his artistic work as a means of portraying democratization process. On the other hand, John Steinbeck seems to address the contemporary problems prevalent among the individual people such as abject poverty, hunger, floods, famine and others. His address is individual oriented. Hemingway seems to contend that the problems that arise in the society emanate from individuals themselves and what can be done is change the existing structures in order to accommodate individuals. For instance, he gives the case of America where people experienced problems and the government practiced structural adjustment programme of investing resources in areas that would consequently employ the citizens.
Created, directed and starring Orson Welles, Citizen Kane is prominent for the numerous outstanding scenes, narrative and cinematic techniques which helped in revolutionized film industry. Composed by Welles and Herman J. Mankiewicz, filmed by Gregg Toland, Kane is intensely expertise remembrances of Mr. Bernstein’s inquiry. Kane acquires most of its attention from its wide scope from typical standards and it’s capability to start new ones. Welles uses movie as an art form to communicate and demonstrate a story through creativity.
The construction of ``Citizen Kane'' is rounded, adding more intensity every time it passes above his life. The movie opens with news reel obituary recording that brief us on the living and period of Charles Foster Kane. The video recording alone associates Kane as a media entrepreneur. But as any good broadsheet, they wish to make inquiries about the man and who he in reality was. They supply a drawing of Kane's life, and it maintains us focused as the play skips around in time, piecing together the memories of those who perceived to have known him.
Inquisitive about Kane's fading word, the news reel editor allocates Thompson, a reporter, to uncover what it intended. William Alland plays Thompson errand in a repetitive role. He questions Kane's intoxicating mistress, his in poor health old friend, his rich correlate and the other witnesses, while the film jumps from beginning to end time. For the reason that the motion picture jumps all through the life of Kane we gradually get the perception that Kane is deserted, even though he has so numerous acquaintances. The collection of scenes all over the movie position it to be one of the most important flashback, but an extraordinary flashback, one which goes forward through a certain period of time as it does go back into time. However, as the movie goes all along and his kingdom gets too big it and he himself falls asunder allowing for conclusion. The ultimate scene that is finalized with a whiz out of Xanadu allows the audience to depart from this narrative as we entered with a zoom in on. (Edmond, 1965 p.g 34.).The film had tough acting by the whole transmits, but in a single scene the Xanadu fireside undermines Susan and she is systematically finishing a jigsaw.
The discussion of 1930 of Orson Welles presents a society characterized by despotic leadership. He engages in a series of productions. He first starts from the Federal Theatre Project Productions and then establishes his own known as the mercury production. His deep concern was democratizing the theatre. His plays are geared towards sensitizing the public on the current issues as well as empowering them with relevant information through his artistic work. He therefore targets to get as many audiences as possible. He shares his stand on politics and says that media has the ability to manipulate popular opinion. He also has problems in imagining that the people could resist such manipulation. In his famous ‘black shirt’ stage presentation, he portrayed the public as incapable of resisting propaganda. The play on the war of the worlds, showed his skills in revealing to the public the ease with which they could be tricked.
Although Welle hoped to educate the individuals at the same time, it was not highly effective. He does not manage to portray on stage the un-manipulated audience. In the case of his plays, he uses the citizens as his unseen audience. He however portrays the crowd in his work. In Welles case as well as that of Capra, they are moved by the state of dictatorship and they develop suspicion of anti-tyranny.
In the early 1930’s, the fascists regarded the movement as the one that represented the interests of the failing and the old elites. Conservative leaders during the time of their artistic works used to exist. There were so many problems that used to face the citizens. Most critics however regard the Citizen Kane as the greatest movie ever made. Welle showed his innovative capacity in the way his films were presented. Carringer says that the primary objective of Orson was to explore new ways of working with the cinematic medium. (Carrigher, 1975, p.g 32). He portrays the downfall of a powerful figure in the film citizen cane.
John Steinbeck work revolved around the common problems that faced the people such as the problems of marginal workers and what he referred to as the dust bowl refugees. Between 1936 and 1939, Steinbeck produced three pieces of work, of mice and men, the grapes of the wrath and in dubious battle. The three dealt with the suffering and the struggle of the dispossessed and homeless. There was a vast discontent among the people. Millions of hungry and homeless persons roamed over the land, looking for a place to settle. Men’s spirits were low and a general sense of despair was clinging on all people. A high rate of unemployment was also evident. Drought and famine was evident on an unprecedented measure raising the general feeling of misery and anxiety of collapse of the economy.
He deals with the plight of the underprivileged and the oppressed. Social justice was highly demanded at the time in order to flee the people from the prevailing problems. Contrary to the works of Orson Welles, he seems to deal much with the biological science rather than the social philosophy. Extreme critics termed his work as a caller for a social uprising. Later critics went ahead and termed him heartless and amoral. He at sometimes laments the misdeeds of his critics. He asserts that they are more concerned with bringing charges to him instead of making observations. From his point of view, you have to understand the man as an animal before you understand him as a man.
Steinbeck’s work uses a non-judgmental approach in the study of the man. This was a result of the influence of Ed Rickets. Their main tenet was that the economic competition was only a small case that lied under the bracket of biological competition. The works of John Steinbeck in the three novels tend to show the interrelationship between the fundamental factors of biology and economy. He used an organized mechanism to address his issues. For instance, he first illuminated brutality in the first work, in dubious battle, published march, 1936. He then turned to the conditions of the migrant population on October of the same year. He therefore treated his work in a balanced manner. Dealing with each theme at a time. The themes that he seemed to predominantly explore to a greater extent seem to dominate in the lives of the people. The work offers a great insight in to the understanding of individuals (human nature), and the errors that persist in the actions of the most leading thinkers.
Hemingway’s discussion also seems to be more individual oriented. He says that the era of emphasizing materialism saw a gradual increase in different problems. To him, it is because of the adjustments that the government makes that result to solving of these problems.
The works of Hemingway’s, in his novel, The Sun Also Rises; discusses the disillusionment and the extravagance of the lost generation. Western civilization in Eliot’s poem “The Waste Land”, (1922), western civilization needs spiritual renewal. He addresses the problem of depression which had affected most of the people in the 1930’s in America. Workers lost their jobs as the factories shut down, banks and businesses failed; farmers lost their farms as they could not be able to pay their debts as well as the transport of the produce to the market, harvest or sell their produce.
Many farmers at that time had to relocate in search of reliable jobs. Just as John Steinbeck says in the book, the grapes of wrath, at the optimum of the depression, a good percentage of the population were out of work. Most of the individuals at the time saw the challenges as a pay of the sins that they had committed such as excessive materialism and reckless living. The depression however threatened the world. Contrary to the past, the people started to support a more active role for the government as compared to the previous periods that people had emphasized on the creation of wealth in the 1920’s. The government resources would consequently create employment with the resources it incurred in sectors such as infrastructure and others.
The issues addressed by the artists in these contexts seem to be taking shape of the events that happen in the immediate society. All the three artists seem to be interested in the events that shape peoples live. It is expected that some of the issues will be beneficial to them while others can be adjusted in order to favor the survival of the citizens.
For instance, the use of the film to portray the real picture of the society by Orson Wille is highly effective. He believes that the use of the moving picture will create a lot of impression especially to the issues that he deems needs to be addressed in order to help the people stay a comfortable life. The use of the film, which entails moving picture, could be portraying dynamism or changes that the society needs to make.
The society faces numerous problems that need to be solved by the government according to Wille. There is the problem of dictatorship as well as other problems related to poor leadership in the society. His fellow artists also seem to be taking the same direction but have differing arguments. For instance, John Steinbeck says that you can understand a human being by first understanding him from the perspective of an animal. He however posits the idea that the fact that the society faces a lot of problems is not an issue to be taken for granted. He continues and says that the individuals are facing a lot of challenges such as economic and biological challenges. From his point of view, the economic challenges cannot supersede the biological challenges. To him it is the prevailing biological challenges that normally override the economic challenges. That is, the economic challenges are normally determined by the biological challenges.
John Steinbeck produced three books in the period between the early 1930’s and late 1930’s. In these works, each one of them gives an organized work of the challenges that they undergo. In his discussion, he presents the grievances of the people in a logical manner. He outlines problems of houselessness, hunger, unemployment, and other problems. He seems to be more individual oriented since he addresses the issues that touch on individual people as compared to Welle who discusses on general issues such as leadership.