Sales: Sales: Support: Support:
Academic writing services  
Custom written essay Book report Research paper Dissertation Resume and CV Editing and proofreading  
main menu
By ordering custom paper you get
  • 24/7 Support
  • Over 100 professional US Writers
  • 300 words per page
  • Flexible discount system
  • FREE revision (within 2 days)
  • Anti-Plagiarism Software Check
we accept
sample essays
Accounting Essays
Admission Essays
Analysis Essays
Art Essays
Biography Essays
Biology Essays
Book Review Essays
Business Essays
Case Studies Essays
Cause and Effect Essays
Character Analysis Essays
Communication Essays
Communication and Media Essays
Compute Technologies Essays
Consideration Essays
Controversial Essays
Description Essays
Economics Essays
Education Essays
Evaluation Essays
Explanation Essays
History Essays
Job Essays
Law Essays
Management Essays
Medicine Essays
Music Essays
Personal Essays
Personal Experience Essays
Persuasive Essays
Persuasive Speech Essays
Philosophy Essays
Political science Essays
Politics Essays
Proposal Essays
Psychology Essays
Reflective Essays
Religion Essays
Research Essays
Response Essays
School Essays
Science Essays
Sociology Essays
Technology Essays
World Literature Essays
Cell Carcinomas essay
← Role of a Therapeutic RelationshipPregnancy →

Cell Carcinomas. Custom Cell Carcinomas Essay Writing Service || Cell Carcinomas Essay samples, help

This essay investigates the literature available on the connection between HPV and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas in the US. It establishes the whether the experimental design was clearly described and if the possible influences on the findings have been identified and controls instituted. These together with other questions answered below form the basis of this essay.

Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell carcinoma

When was the work published?

The article was published on 30th March, 2012 following updates on information and figures on the original version that published were online from July 29 until August 1, 2011 which contained errors (Lowy, 2010).

What are the main points of the article?

The main points discussed in this article include the evidence regarding the epidemiology of human papillomavirus-associated oropharyngeal cancers, differences in human papillomavirus prevalence between cancers of the oral cavity and oropharynx and the available human papillomavirus vaccines and the implications of these for dentistry (Vidal, 2008).

Are the qualifications of the authors appropriate?

The authors' qualifications are appropriate and hence they are eligible to write and discuss about the topic of the article. Dr. Cleveland is a dental officer and epidemiologist; Dr. Junger is a dental public health resident; Dr. Saraiya is a medical epidemiologist; Dr. Markowitz is a medical epidemiologist; Dr. Dunne is a medical epidemiologist and Dr. Epstein is a professor, Department of Oral Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry; a professor, Department of Otolaryngology—Head and neck Surgery, College of Medicine; and a professor, Cancer Center, College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Is the purpose clearly stated?

The purpose of the article is well outlined. The article discusses the implications of the relationship between human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas to dentistry in the United States of America (Lowy, 2010).

Is the experimental design clearly described?

The experimental design is well described. Human papillomavirus infection can be identified through several experimental measures, including detection of human papillomavirus DNA in biopsy specimens, of human papillomavirus DNA in oral specimens and of serum antibodies to HPV proteins.

Have the possible influences on the findings been identified and controls instituted?

The possible implications on the research findings have been identified. However, no necessary controls have been put in place to fully address these implications. The article only gives suggested recommendations to dental healthcare personnel. For instance, since there is little information on the visual and tactile screening examinations in identifying oropharyngeal cancers, dental healthcare personnel need to be alert to patients’ oral or written indications of oropharyngeal cancer symptoms, such as sore throat, hoarseness, earaches and enlarged lymph nodes. Although standardized screening tests for early detection of precancerous and uterine cervical cancer, no tests have been approved for the detection oral HPV infections (Lowy, 2010).

Has the sample been appropriately selected (if applicable)?

The sample data and information selected for the illustration is appropriate. Figure 3 shows a chart of the yearly incidence counts of human papillomavirus associated cancers in the United States, 2003-2007 from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention which has been discussed under the epidemiological characteristics of human papillomavirus. Figures A and B on the other hand also clearly illustrate pedunculated lesion clinically consistent with verruca vulgaris (wart) and Endoscopic view of human papilloma virus–positive squamous cell carcinoma of the palatine tonsil respectively (Vidal, 2008).

Has the reliability and validity of the article been assessed?

The reliability and validity of this article has been reviewed following corrections which have been made to the previous article published online from July 29 until August 1, 2011 which contained errors. That version of the article was removed on August 1 below is the corrected version (Lowy, 2010).

Is the experimental therapy compared appropriately to the control therapy?

The experimental therapy and control therapy have not been appropriately compared as the authors have failed to discuss them. This is due to the ineffectiveness of the HPV vaccines because most cancers have long latent periods so it would take a long time to establish their effect (Lowy, 2010).

Is the investigation of sufficient duration?

The length of time between the publication of the article and the time when the research was done is insufficient. The research data analysis illustrated in Figure 3 indicates an investigation that was done from 2003 to 2007, exactly half a decade. However, most cancers have long latent periods hence research information on vaccines and their implications would be inadequate.

Is the statistical analysis appropriate to answer the research questions or hypotheses?

The statistical analysis is inadequate and hence inappropriate to answer the research questions. This is so because the duration of research is insufficient as most cancers take long latent periods and vaccines almost a decade to show their effectiveness (Lowy, 2010).

Have the research questions or hypothesis been answered?

The article discusses most of the main points of the topic which have to a big extent attempted to find answers to the research hypothesis. By explaining the epidemiology of various HPV-associated cancers, discussing the differences in HPV prevalence between cancers of the oral cavity and oropharynx and expounding on the available vaccines, the article has given implications of all the above to dentistry including recommendations to dental healthcare personnel (Vidal, 2008).

Do the interpretations and conclusion logically follow the experimental finding?

The conclusion highlights everything discussed in the article. These have also been supported by sample statistical data and information included in the article. For example, “molecular and epidemiologic evidence suggest a strong etiologic association of HPV with a large proportion of oropharyngeal cancers but seldom with cancers of the oral cavity in the United States”. This phrase (interpretation) quoted in the conclusion is well illustrated by the chart in Figure 3 and equally discussed in the preceding paragraphs (Lowy, 2010).

Do you agree or disagree with the article and findings? Why?

I do agree with the article and findings because the topic is well discussed. It establishes a clear relationship between human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal squamous cell cancers. This is well explained and also illustrated by data analyses of samples collected from credible sources (Vidal, 2008).

What would you change in the article? Why/ Think outside of the box. What would you add or delete?

The article lacks sufficient statistical information to support the arguments. I would include more research findings that have been done over a long period of time since cancers have very long latencies.

Cell Carcinomas. Custom Cell Carcinomas Essay Writing Service || Cell Carcinomas Essay samples, help

Order Now
Order nowhesitating

Related essays

  1. Pregnancy
  2. Clinical Case
  3. Role of a Therapeutic Relationship
  4. Payment of Medical Bills

order now

Order now
why choose us
96% of satisfied returning customers
24/7 customer support
A wide range of services
Up-to-date sources
100% privacy guaranteed
MA/PhD writers
Custom written papers only
Free plagiarism report
Free revision (within 2 days)
Free extras by your request
Direct communication with a writer
Are your writers qualified for the custom writing?
How quick can my order be accomplished?
Is it legal to buy custom essays, term papers or book reports from your company?
Are essays offered by your company truly custom-written?
Is it safe to buy from
How secure is the payment system of your company?
Can I submit custom essays or term papers done by your company as my own?
How can I contact your company if I've got problems with my ordered paper?

Finally, I've found the real custom writing service . My grades are saying "Thank you, it's been a pleasure to work with you."

Jamal, South Africa

I can't believe you finished my essay under such a short deadline! You saved me from a disaster once again. You guys deliver exactly what you promise. I'll be back. That's for sure!

William H , Kansas, US

contact us
Toll free for US & Canada only. International callers are charged for outgoing calls.

Our phone numbers: provides custom term paper writing/rewriting services inclusive of research material for assistance purposes only. The term papers should be used with proper reference and are not meant to replace actual assignments.

Get 15% off your first custom essay order

Order now

from $12.99/PAGE