Hermes was a born to Zeus and Maia, the daughter of Atlas. Maia gave birth to Hermes at Mountain of Kyllene, where Zeus visited her; Maia avoided light and lived in a deep cave, only few deathless gods and mortals knew about her whereabouts. At birth, Hermes found Apollo’s white cattle and stole it to sacrifice the herd to the gods, after he killed a tortoise and fashioned a lyre of the tortoise shell strung with cow gut. Hermes superb intellectual and spiritual qualities were noticed earlier, when he was taken a messenger for Zeus, Hera and Hades, since he could fly using the wings on his feet and helmet. Hermes is synonymous with trickery; he helped to rescue Zeus' mistress Io from a giant with 100 eyes, who imprisoned her at the order of Zeus' wife Hera. In his dealings with mortals, Hermes won Calypso over Nymph, to let go of Odysseus.
Why is the story of Demeter and Persephone such a central, important myth?
The story of Demeter and Persephone represents the beginning of the creation and the events that took place. Demeter interacted with Zeus behind Hera, Zeus' wife, and the adultery led to birth of Persephone. Hades, the god of the underworld, kidnapped Persephone when she was picking flowers in a garden and took her to the underworld, away from mortals and gods. The daughter of the princess of Earth was imprisoned in the land of Death, where she was expected to reveal her nudity to Hades for a quarter of year. The myth is allegorical to the rape of nature, which brought the downfall of man in ancient mythology.
Who were Romulus and Remus?
Antagonism existed between two brothers: Numitor and Amulus; the latter divided kingdom and the gold inheritance as separate entities for each to choose, and Numitor choose the kingdom over wealth. However, Amulius used the gold to recover the kingdom and allowed the brother’s daughter to live if she sworn to remain a virgin all her life. The niece gave birth to two boys, who were cast to a swollen river before being rescued at Kermalus. The children were held back by a fig-tree, where a wolf suckled them and a wood pecker took care of twins. Children were named Romulus and Remus, because of a wolf. Later, the two brothers confronted and Romulus tricked Remus and defeated him; after Romulus buried his brother Remus, he founded the city of Rome.