Researchers of child growth and development point out that social and cultural factors plays a big role in child development. They form an environment that determines how a child develops as he/she grows to a teenager and later to a mature adult (Balter, 16). In order to bring into light this concept, this paper considers the situation in USA and Kenya, which is undeveloped country in the south of Sahara desert. These two states provide a case situation of how social factors affect child development.
In the United States of America most of the social amenities such as good healthcare services, good schools and learning materials are available and children normally have all the social economic needs that they require for health growth and development (Balter, 41). There is enough food and children from industrialized country do not starve as it is in undeveloped countries. However, regardless of the fact that there are basic resources required for child development children in the USA are not much better those those from undeveloped countries. Presence of industries, congestions of people and vehicles in urban areas has polluted the environment and this cause frequent illness to children. Living standards in the America are very high and this make parents to spent most of their time at workplaces and have no time for their children. Advancement in technology in USA has exposed children to immoral practices such as use of drugs and this has ruined their development (Balter, 66- 69).
On the other Kenya is undeveloped country and most of the social economic needs for child development such a good health care, enough food, good education, and other social amenities are not adequate (Ochieng, 23). This stress of social economic child development necessities has hampered child development in undeveloped countries. However, Kenya is known for its rich culture, good environment and uncongested Urban centers when compared with USA (Ochieng, 31-32). Similarly, living standards are not high in Kenya as they are in USA and therefore parents in Kenya have more time to stay with their children teach them on good morals and how to grow into moral adults. Lack of enough exposure to Information technology has hindered Kenyan Children from dangerous materials that could be ruinous to their development (Ochieng, 23).