Karl Marx was a sociologist, philosopher and a journalist of German origin. He was born in Trier in 1818. He underwent education up to the university level where he initially studied law then later studied journalism. Social with other people, he easily made friends with one of his lecturers. He was introduced to Hegel theory, which had a great impact on his life. This contributed to most of his later achievements as a sociologist. This article explores more on Karl Marx’s life and the way he influenced the sociology (Kreis).
After his father’s death Marx decides to become a lecturer, but he fails. He ends up being a journalist, but most of his articles were not published due to his radical political views. He joined the Cologne Circle which owned the Rhenish Gazette, where his article on press freedom was published, and was appointed as the gazette editor. Meanwhile, he met Moses Hess who was a socialist and influenced Karl where he started attending his meetings. His publication on the Mosel wine-farmers poverty in the Rhenish Gazette led to its abolition by the Prussian authorities. This caused him to be wanted by the authorities, and he went to France and got married to his girlfriend. He secured another job as a journalist with a political journal but never stayed for long, as it was banned after publishing an article (socialogyresources.com).
These were a few out of many misfortunes that Karl faced due to his views on different issues. As a result, he was expelled in many countries he went to seek refuge, including France, Belgium. However, he settled in England up to his demise. He had a strong relationship with Friedrich Engels who also offered him financial support as he lived in poverty. He founded the Communist Correspondence Committee in 1846 with the aim to bring the other socialists together (Coser 50-53).
His influence in sociology was determined by his ideas he conveyed through his articles. He wrote many articles including "The Communist Manifesto" and Das Kapital. "The Communist Manifesto" was a summary of the nature of the communist society and the anticipated revolution. He argued that the proletariat class was the determining factor of the revolution and believed they could win and result to class less society. Das Kapital was a book that contained a summary of capitalism. In this book, he came up with theory which stated that mode of economy in a particular society is what determined the classes in those societies. This he referred as the production relations. His criticism on the societies in which few persons dominated the economy and took advantage of the workers was known as materialist conception. He also discussed the surplus value and revolution in this book. He argued that the surplus value was mainly determined by the labor invested in production of commodities. He believed that the capitalists never paid the labors their true wages, as he believed that the time invested by a worker to produce a commodity was to determine their wages (Elster 55-78).
Other articles, which he wrote, include A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy in which he argued that the politics. Religion, philosophy, art and law super structures were determined by economy forces. He wrote the economic and philosophic manuscripts and discussed the alienation concept where he believed the worker are alienated from their products, with one’s own self and alienation due to competition among the capitalist. He believed communism would give a solution to alienation. His ideas in social matters were referred as Marxism which provided a core to some of social theories. He died on the 14th of March 1843 sitting in his armchair (Avineri 22-35).