The “postmodern world” was coined in the school of thought, which acts to deny the objective truth and global cultural narratives. Some of its main emphasis lay on the role of language, relations in power and most of all motivations. Literally this term means “after modernization”. Postmodern thinking has influenced various fields in humanity such as photography, linguistics, literally criticism and history. Modernity may have ended in the late 20th century as some schools of thought seem to point out. Others however seem to elongate its existence to cover some tidbits to include various developments in the postmodern era (Giddens, 1990).
The postmodern world is different from everything that came before it in a variety of ways. It usually lays emphasis on “impressionism and subjectivity” in writing. This is different from modernity in the sense that modernity used to focus on “what” is usually perceived instead of “how” it is perceived. In literature, poems are perceived to be more of documentary rather than just a piece of writing. The postmodern world also tends to promote a self conscious character among humans. It also tends to ignore the notion of “high-low cultures”. Postmodernism perceives reason to be the ultimate judge of what is true and thus the right thing (Giddens, 1990). Freedom in this postmodern era is thereby observed to be the obedience of laws which are formulated by reason.
Jean- Paul Sartre gave a lecture in 1946 to defend Existentialism as Humanism. He begins by addressing the question of what perceive to be existentialism by comparing Christians and Existentialists. He laments that both of these divides believe that “existence comes before essence”. Sartre who considers himself as an Atheistic Existentialism argues that if God did not exist then there is at least a being whose “existence” comes before essence. Sartre argues that the human is nothing else except that he makes himself to be something which is described as subjectivity. The author points’ out that man is usually responsible for what he is. The author suggests that everything is permitted if God did not exist and hence man finds himself “forlorn”. The authors perceptions that man is condemned to be free in the sense that although he may be free he did not create himself is true. Sartre reaffirms his position that man is responsible for what he becomes and this postmodern reasoning is actually the dominant spirit in many human who think this way (Sartre, 1981).