Destruction of the soil and water is also done by the industries. Massive exhaust and effluents are exposed to the water reserves. This destroys water and makes it harder for the aquatic life. Soil is also acidified by the use of excess fertilizers by the farmers. The massive rains then wash the acidic soil to the water bodies hence directly end up suffocating the aquatic life. There is also excess carbon that has being released to the air by the industries from the boilers. Large vehicles also release excess carbon to the earth’s surface. All these destroy the ozone layer and thus expose the creature to the danger of ultraviolet light. More carbon in air also affects the breathing systems of the creatures (McKinney 2011).
To curb all of these dangerous activities, companies are advised to clean the effluents before releasing them to the water bodies so as to avoid destroying the aquatic life. Excess carbon from the boilers can be reduced by using alternative energy sources, such as biogas. The vehicles are also expected to reduce the use of fuel tanks and, as a result, opt for the rechargeable solar power engines or use carbon reducers at the exhaust pipes. Farmers are also advised to use biological farming means to help reduce acidifying the soil. Such natural means may include use of animal manure, cycle farming and green plant farming techniques.
Another considerable environmental pollution occurs from the oil spillages. An evident example is the accident that occurred between two oil tankers in the middle of the sea. This causes direct spillages to the water reserves, and hence blocks the circulation of oxygen in the water. As a result, the coral reefs are destroyed and the aquatic creatures die one by one. These deaths continue and after many years to come some of the creatures will be totally extinct. The beauty of the sea will be destroyed totally due to such activities (McCurry 2011).
Some of the sea creatures are beautiful for the eye and as a result, create tourist attraction sites. When most of the aquatic have been extinct, no more tourists will be available and, as a result of the reduction of the country's economy from the tourist finances. The need to control the amount of oil spillages thus is urgent. This has to begin from reducing the accidents as much as possible, and then taxing the companies involved in the shipment activities for any oil spillages on the water bodies. There is also a need to clean the oil levels in the sea by either burning or coming up with means to collect the oil reserves in the water surface. This is the only way to ensure that the beauty of the aquatic life is out of danger from suffocation.
Research also indicates that the human race destroys the environment without concern of its side effects. There is a large use of plastic waste materials in the human race. Results also show that the population goes on increasingly, and wastes are disposed to the environment. These plastic materials are not biodegradable and take millions of years in the soil without decaying. Organisms in the soil find difficulties to survive in such hash conditions and migrate to the alternative environment. The same cycle goes on and on until the creatures find no place to take refuge anymore. As a result of his continuous pollution, the organisms die one by one. This will lead to lack of enough micro-organisms that help in the decomposition and hence affecting the ecosystem directly (Hermann 2007).
However, there are many ways of preventing this. The first step begins with the plastic manufacturing industries being regulated. Tax levies have to be imposed on the industries and, as a result, encourage the manufacture of biodegradable materials. The human race is also encouraged to reduce the consumption of food stuffs covered in the plastic bags, such as sweets. Good environmental conservation techniques have to be employed like the waste disposal. Strict punishments and fines also have to be imposed on those involved in the littering of the environment anyhow.