Canada went through a big transition in the 1960’s and early 1970’s; that is socially, politically, and economically. Pierre Elliot Trudeau proved to be a better leader whose impact was felt by Canadians unlike the previous leaders; he brought both, political and economic stability to a country that was the blink of collapsing. Canada’s economical, political, and social interests were given a priority by both, the government and citizens of the country.
Canada increased their trade ties with Japan and Europe; this enabled the involved countries to benefit from each other. The country also implemented other policies that were meant to make it stronger financially and more independent compared to other nations. Trudeau spearheaded the success of the Canadian economy. In the early 1970’s, the government had made major investments in businesses and other fields.
A reliable source of energy was needed in the country in the 1960s. This is because the country could not satisfy their energy needs; therefore, they embarked on a plan that was to help them become energy sufficient.
Canada celebrated an important anniversary in 1967; this year the country marked the hundredth year of confederation. From then, the country started its movement towards national unity though it was under domination of Britain. There was a division between the French- speaking Canadians and the English- speaking Canadians; these two sides were very challenging to reconcile.
The political system of Canada before the 1960’s was a failure; this is because of the various aspects of political life and political socialization with other countries. The relationship between political and economic freedom is considerably controversial; this is because the two principles are mutually dependent.
The economic nationalism spilled over into culture; this became a very sensitive area for Canadians. Americans continued exporting their culture to Canada, so they dominated the culture of the country. That what Canadians saw as cultural problems, Americans viewed as economic or trade issues and wanted to trade in cultural products the same way they dealt in any other commodity. The social media also faced a major challenge of choosing what to broadcast and what to avoid; the media was set to promote Canadian content. This reduced the influence that the culture of United States and other major countries had on the population of Canada. The citizens of Canada, therefore, developed their own culture that was not in any way influenced by foreigners.
Education is a central theme in Canada’s economic, social, and political history; in the 1960’s education was given a priority in the country. The country insisted on the issues of peaceful existence and collective governance with projects, such as schooling; these projects are meant to improve the quality of life and have an overall beneficial impact in the country. This is the reason why a huge amount of the country’s funds were spent on upgrading the schooling system in Canada. Educators related education to 3 major issues; that is the impact of massive immigration, the change from agricultural to industrial capitalism, and forming of a state, in which citizens came to exercise political power. The government advised the citizens of Canada to have fewer children and to invest more in their education. In the 1960’s, many parents across Canada were practicing contraception in an attempt to raise a smaller number of children that in return had better educated children.
In the 1960’s the country came up with a council that was to advise and give their recommendations meant to help the country to achieve maximum levels of employment, as well as ensure efficient production. This enabled the country to reach high levels of financial independence and economic growth; the growth in return ensured that Canadians enjoyed better standards of living. The size of the labor force increased in the early 1970’s by around 2.7 %, and the rate of unemployment declined by 3 %. This in turn led to an increase in out-put per hour and per person employed in that period at around 3 % and 2.4 % respectively. The council reported a potential increase in total and the per capita output at 5.5 and 3.4 percent per year; this trend continued for years in Canada.
There was an increase in other variables, such as foreign targets, consumer and personal spending, investments in housing, business and government saving, changes in governmental revenues and expenditures, business and social capital, the outlook for employment and production in Canada’s primary industries, labor problems, mobility, and labor market policies, among others. The above variables were combined well to ensure the country moved forward without any form of instability; for a long time the country had stagnated because of various setbacks that they were not able to overcome. Unemployment and labor problems were some of the issues that affected the population directly; this influenced the overall per capita income and output of the country.