The Declaration of Independence is a document that was signed on the 4 July 1776, highlighting a completely new period for the American history. In this document, thirteen American states claimed their independence from the British Empire. The Declaration of Independence served as a letter of request that was sent to King George III of England asking for the independence of the United States from the English rule. The request was supported with examples about how the Government of Great Britain has undermined and disrespected the rights of the colonies, concluding in the proclamation of freedom and independence of the colonies.
Thomas Jefferson was the one to make the initial project of the document. The text of the Declaration is aimed to state a way of the development of the new American states. Abraham Lincoln had adapted the Declaration of Independence as his policy. As Thomas Jefferson stated, the Declaration of Independence was written “In order to place before mankind the common sense of the matter in terms so plain and simple as to command their assent.”
America used the Declaration of Independence in order to let the world know that it is a free and independent nation. Even though this is not official, generally the paper is commonly separated in five main parts: The Introduction, The Preamble, The Indictment, The Denunciation, and The Conclusion. The main topics of the Declaration of Independence are freedom of religion, the voice of the people to matter, and the pursuit of happiness. This document was much more complex and covered different aspects of that times daily problems and especially the matters of British domination over the territory. In the eyes of the Founding Fathers of United States of America, the natural law of any individual to express its opinion and have the right to belong to any political party is a fundamental concept in a free country. “We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal.” These words refer to the fact that not only one government has the right to limit the freedom of anyone.
The Declaration continues with a pleading about the British repression by accusing the King of 27 different abuses against the colony. The Denunciation covers the entire case of separation from the British Empire and expresses the desire of the United States of America to solve this on an amicable way. However, it still stands firm on their positions by expressing their willingness to fight if it is needed. To strengthen their pacifist position towards the situation, the Founding Fathers also presented all the attempts that they made to manage the situation to be as bloodless as possible.
The Declaration of Independence concludes in the fact that the Representatives and people of the United States are recalling the situation from their country as a reason for a new governmental policy ending in “these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown.”
During the history, the Declaration of Independence had the biggest historical global impact from the side of the United States of America. It was the document that made the world aware of the freedom of this new country. Until then, the claiming of independence was equal to a civil war, rebellion, revolution, or any kind of military action. By its content and the way it was presented, the Declaration of Independence served as a gate opener in terms of diplomacy, as it was the first example that a once major political issue, which theoretically should have led to a military confrontation, can be solved in a pacifist, diplomatic way.