Racial profiling in Rural America has become a crucial issue in America in various ways. It is considered a social problem affecting many societies in America in even the daily routine aspects of human life (Head, 2012). Racial profiling refers to a method to stop an individual for the reason that he or she is black or colored and suspicion that the person may be engaging in crime. It is an act that mostly targets the black Americans than any other group. According to Amnesty International (2004) racial profiling is the act of making an individual or a group of people a target by law enforcers on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, and religion, that links persons belonging to the aforesaid groups to an recognized crime like drug trafficking. Schmitt, et al. (2002) posit that race and personal experience with profiling are elements used to determine attitudes toward profiling and that, among the minorities, social class affects the views of the prevalence and acceptability of the practice. The consequence on social class requires further study on the influence of class influences on the scourge. Racial profiling has had a negative effect on the minorities in various ways. There has been unlawful use of race among the law enforcers, immigration officials, and the procedures in the airport security procedures that have been on the increase since the September 11, 2001 attacks. However, various state judicial systems provide insufficient protection against racial profiling. President Bush promised to tackle the issue shortly after being elected the president of the U.S.A to end racial profiling, but the trends of the scourge had increased (Head, 2012).
Minority groups have been complaining that law enforcers have routinely used unwarranted force against them. However, some of the law enforcers have been claiming that many Black American males show aggressive character towards law enforcer (Heather, 2001). The term aggression is common among the dominant white population in the U.S. to describe some characteristic of actions among the Black Americans. America has a diverse culture with distinct values. However, as a subculture, the law enforcers’ concept of their responsibility illustrates a society in which the unruly acts of criminals threaten the wellbeing of the society and the traditional means of problem solving in America. Earlier studies indicate that individuals recruited to be law enforcers reveal the morals of the dominant group; therefore, they discriminate against the minority group. According to Radelet (1986), some of the causes of this scourge may be embedded in the diverse cultural backgrounds. These may include values of a discriminatory or prejudiced group or groups in the society.
The views that law enforcers are engaged in racial profiling have created a lot of distrust of the law enforcers, particularly among the minority group. Even though, they appreciate the benefits of community policing, they also believe that an effective policing can be realized when the law enforcers protect them from crimes and respect the civil liberties of American population. However, a biased perception of the law enforcers, the minority group or groups loses confidence in the law enforcers (Weitzer and Tuch, 2002). In a study conducted on a police department as an occupational subculture, focusing on the relationship between morality, custom and law in order to demonstrate the genesis and the values and norms that the law enforcers develop, the researcher found out that the occupation of a law enforcer functions to separate them from the previous life patterns, hence molding them to accept new patterns of life (Heather, 2001).
Currently, a common method of enhancing racial profiling in America has been summarized in a slogan ‘Driving While Black’. Under this context, the law enforcers target the Blacks for traffic stops, because of the opinion that the Blacks are more likely to engage in crime. However, this method was not the original method of executing the scourge since the initial method of profiling emerged in the clash not in favor of piracy. Furthermore, the efforts to reduce drug trafficking have also accelerated racial profiling, which has been a battle against some groups not in favor of their constitutional rights. The Blacks, Latinos and the minority groups bear the greatest impact since the war has increased racial profiles against the suspected dealers. Currently, this scourge has also been identified on the highways since the traffic police officers more often stop drivers based on race. Racial profiling has become rampant among the Blacks and other minority groups, who have familiarized themselves and have coined the term DWB (Weitzer and Tuch, 2002). Most people think that the act is racial profiling is used by law enforcers as a justified form of enforcing law. Some states in America have acknowledged that the social problem has been in existence for so long and has been proven repeatedly.
To conclude, the scourge is questionable in numerous ways. However, in a legal context it is not easy to prove. It is an irrational and unjust, but more research should be conducted to identify if it exists in other countries. Racial profiling forms part of the American criminal justice system, but very little has been done to root it out (Weitzer and Tuch, 2002). It is important to make improvements on policy endorsements of racial profiling that is prevalent in maltreatment the minorities. Therefore, everyone should be guaranteed equality, which forms a fundamental principle of a democratic nation.