Buddhism is one of religion in the world. However, Buddhism applies most of the philosophic concepts more than the beliefs and myths that on the basis of religion. This is because their way of life emphasizes on leading a righteous life, being alive and conscious of an individual’s actions developing a clear understanding. The fundamental values in Buddhism can be summed up by the Four Noble Truths, which as taught by the Buddha. The Four Noble truths are; the truth of suffering, the reasons for suffering, how the causes of suffering can be resolved and the path through which this may be attained. The Buddhists believe that life cannot be all happiness; even the most prosperous in life they must be distressed and thus experience suffering. Therefore, The Buddha’s driving force in both the ideological and religious quest is suffering (David 15).
Suffering in the Buddhists perspective refers to inevitable pain in life. For instance experiences of death, birth, sickness, aging and loss are extremely painful. The Buddhist explores suffering in the life of an individual and how to cope with it. Suffering is as a result of desire and aversion, in accordance to the teachings of the Buddhists. The Buddha looks for a solution towards the never-ending cycle of death and rebirth. The only way out of this continuous cycle was the realization that an individual’s self is part of the world. Examples of suffering are the comprehensive aspects that make up the individual self such as perception, awareness, sensation and psychological formations (Narendra 127).
Human beings have a tendency of longing for what they lack and need, and often wish their lives were different from what they are; they not contented. The Buddha teachings are that instead of persistently trying to get what a person wishes for; one should be satisfied with what they have at hand. He further insisted that getting what one desires for is not a guarantee of happiness. A lifetime of desire generates a powerful conviction which causes an individual to be born. Human beings shall continue to suffer if they are to be accepted by others, anticipate other people to match to their expectations (David 16). The Buddha asserts that suffering can be surmounted and happiness is achieved. Though can be fruitful only when people give up craving and appreciate what they have and learn to take each issue at a time.
The Buddhists teachings teach that the paths leading to end of suffering are the Noble Eighth fold Paths, they include;
-Correct thought: having rightful thinking, avoiding greediness and the desire to hurt others. Having a positive attitude always and not being pessimistic.
-Correct speech: avoid using insensitive speech, lying, gossiping an individual should be extremely conscious while talking.
-Correct actions: all the behaviors condemned by the society example stealing, adultery, killing, and rape should be avoided.
-Correct livelihood: every person should strive to work hard so as to be able to make a living, those who rely on activities like stealing should be stopped and be trained to provide for them.
-Correct understanding: having a mild intellectual ability as to be able to act in a satisfactory manner even when a situation gets out of hand.
-Correct concentration: to have a moral and steady focus.
-Correct mindfulness: trying to be aware of other peoples’ need, avoid from being self centered.
-Correct effort: requires perseverance and relentless hard work, a never giving up attitude.
The above correct approaches and actions can be used to assess if we are practicing the rightful way. When people control their mentality in a way that is of benefit to those around them, this generates substantial judgment in their mind (Narendra 126).