Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827) famously remarked, “There fate knocks at the door!”. This was in response to the distinctive four-note "short-short-short-long" start of his Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Allegro con brio. These words imply a particular image in connection with the motive, which has reverberated from his time to the current times. In spite of the unique approach through which Beethoven changed Symphony No 5 First movement, as well as the impact it has on music even today, its outline is characteristic of the first movements of symphonies in his era. The composition of Symphony No 5 happened in the time after Beethoven went back to Vienna having left Heiligenstadt. He stayed in Heiligenstadt for six months from April of 1802 to accept his loss of hearing that he was going through from 1796. Although Beethoven’s hearing continuously deteriorated, he kept composing with a passion.
Beethoven started the last groundwork for Symphony No 5 along with Symphony No 6 in1807. He, in addition, presented the two Symphonies on one evening a year later in the month of December in Viena at the Vienna River Theatre. The maiden presentation was not at all outstanding; however, a subsequent presentation of the same Symphony a year and six months afterwards upshot in a rave reviews. In Symphony No 5, just like in Symphony No 3, an intense concentration of the contemplation, reflection along with labor is found and this makes the symphony all so powerful, as well as awesome in its effect. Symphony No 5 is not characterized by an unstructured stream of musical phrases, which are carelessly strung collectively, or through a simple playing with musical forms. Every motive is a representation of an intense essence of deliberation, which, when listened to, leaves a permanent feeling, and it appears, allows no alteration.
Symphony No 5 is made up of four movements, as aforementioned: the first is sonata, followed by an andante, which is followed by a fast scherzo. The scherzo is followed attacca to the ending. The opening movement starts with a 4-note motif, which is among the most renowned in western compositions. It begins with two striking fortissimo phrases, the renowned motif, drawing the interest of the listener. Subsequent to the opening four bars, Beethoven utilizes imitations, as well as series to develop the theme. These terse imitations tumble over one another with such rhythm that they seem to shape a single, continuous melody. Soon after, there is an extremely terse fortissimo bridge, performed using horns, and a subsequent theme is initiated. This subsequent theme appears in E flat major, it is extra lyrical, and has the 4-note motif in the string accessory. The codetta is once more founded on the 4-note motif. The expansion section is next and utilizes modulation, series along with replication, plus the bridge. The movement closes with a huge coda.
The second movement, an Andante con molto is in A flat major. It is a lyrical piece in dual variation (i.e. there are two themes, which are assorted in fluctuation). After the fluctuations is a lengthy coda. This movement begins with a statement of the theme. The second theme quickly follows, and a variant of the initial theme comes back. It is followed by a third theme and an interval, and the entire orchestra joins in a fortissimo, followed by a sequence of crescendos, plus a coda to end the movement. The third movement is in the shape of ternary. It is made up of a scherzo along with a trio. It is in the conventional style of Classical symphonic third movements, with, in series, the major scherzo, a distinct trio piece, a revisit to the scherzo, along with a coda. Nonetheless, whilst the common Classical symphonies used a minuet, as well as a trio as their third movement, Beethoven used the fresher scherzo and trio shape. The successful and thrilling ending starts with no break following the scherzo. It is composed in a strange variation of sonata shape. The recapitulation is started next by a crescendo from the final bars of the interpolated scherzo piece.