With the current rapid growth of population, proper planning of urban centers is very essential. The ever growing technology and advanced design methods will always push for re-plans of design formats of major cities. Cases have been observed in Dubai and Nairobi. Vojnovic (37-42) defines urban centers as, “A mixture of science and art that encompasses many different disciplines and brings them all under a single umbrella…” However urban planning can simply be defined as the organization of all elements of an urban environment.
Canada is one of the countries that is observed with an ever increasing urbanization. As witnessed on transformed attention on urban policies and politics in Canada, it is no longer a surprise that diversity and the addition of migrants create essential views of discussions about the sustainability of Canada’s major cities. Vojnovic asserts that, through understanding Canada’s statistics, immigrants constituted eighteen percent of Canada’s population where forty four percent of the immigrants were based in the metropolitan area of Canada that is Toronto (50).
Environmental planning and diversification is what holds in major urban design. Diversity cannot be described as a desirable quality within a major city but it’s that aspect that everyone receding in the city is impacted on by it. According to Vojnovic, Diversity not only manifests itself on ethno cultural identity but also an unjust socio economic difference which often lies between our political and social conflicts (49). In this paper I focus on how the rapid increase in diversity poses as a challenge and what changes should be made to respond to the increase diversification. Evidently, planning has not been able to be kept up to the best standard by the government of Canada with the changing populations and diversity within major cities. Researchers have argued that diversity and population increase in major cities within Canada has lead to gradual increase in ethno cultural activities which if no major concern is implicated on then, Canada economy will go down with a greater margin Vojnovic, (50).
Walks asserts that, in order to reflect in depth on the issue of diversity and its implication on planning, it has been noted that it is very important to get some realities and concept associated to the Canadian country (273). It is obvious that it has been difficult to distinguish the discourse of multiculturalism as it is been experience in Canada. In the Canadian concept, multiculturalism is not only referred to as a demographic reality but also as to the conceptualization of an official state policy whereby there was policy dating in earlier years which highly contributed to the construction of a proud and enviable national identity despite of its many tense relationships towards super-ordinate doctrines. Canada has always handled multicultural as a national culture where there is no dominant culture.
For proper environmental planning, there must be imposed some deliberate order upon environment, with the aim of achieving a high standard of environmental quality. This practice, although there must be no common agreement about the characteristics of a "good" or well-ordered environment. It is notable that cities form the basis of diversity especially in today’s world of globalization through the exceptional intercontinental flows of individuals who are brought up from different cultures, technologies and their heavy concentration in urban centers Walks, (290). This great intensification in diversity has rendered the urban lifestyle desirable and attractive to many. It is obvious that diversification that is characterized by vitality and excitement can highly result to injustice and inequality. It is important to note that diversity itself is not a challenge but it can turn to be a challenge only if its effects are negative in the sense that it gives rise to lack of sustainability within cities.
Based on challenges implicated socially, diversity can be considered as a positive challenge in the sense that it does not only largely contribute to human increase within major cities but also act as the main central point for new economy especially in cultural capital. In diverse cities where there individuals from different cultures and languages life experiences does not only meet up with cultural sphere where it seems to be much visible but also within the realms found both economically and socially. Milroy continues to assert that, even with this positive dimension brought by diversification, there are certain essential conditions that must be advocated so as it can contribute positively within the social, economic and cultural experiences of the people living in the major Canadian cities (55). New economy has a possibility to emerge within cities but only if the cultural changes are monitored so as they can be directed in a way that they will be of benefit to the people of the diversified cities in Canada.
It is however, important to notice that there are various risks that accompany diversity which are known to pose challenges to the affected countries. For instance, it can lead to increased tension whereby it creates a ground which causes segregation in the cultural, strengths and ethics of the Canadian people receding in these cities. According to Walks who has clearly asserted that, due to diversity, Canada seems to be facing greater challengers but on a deeper understanding this challenges can are termed as positive but also in the midst there are other negative challenges. Based on positive challenge, the creation of new ethical and cultural diversification can be termed as asserts to the growing Canadian economy.
The changes that changes of the social challenged described in the above paragraph concerning how urban planning should be done, I think it is essential that one understand that development should be harmonious toward the evolution of culture therefore, Canada should focus in ensuring that urban planning within its major cities is carefully planned so that it can give rise to development.
I suggest that, through the creation of a sustainable environment in Canada major cities, which involves the use of a comprehensive and complex process that will eventual enhance urban planning in various cities in Canada. According to Emily, who has clearly stated that, it is important that there is facilitation of the new immigrant into local labor market that will widely contribute to effective urban planning therefore positive assurance of sustainable Canadian cities (214)? Milroy clearly asserts that, creation of space in labor market can effectively contribute to social networks in these urban places of Canada whereby immigrants will be involved in the political and economical wellbeing of the Canadians (72).
Other than the challenge associated to social life, the other challenge likely to be faced in the major cities of the Canada is that of people moving from settlement to social inclusion. It is specifically evident that the starting of early stages of settlement, addition of economy, cultural, political and social life within Canadian major city is an ongoing challenge. This challenge has been known to be transmitted from one generation within the immigrants to another so as to strike in Canadian roots.
Best change that can be will suggested to the above discussed challenge is that it is important to focus on the accessibility of public services, creation of jobs and ensuring that there is no racism between the locals and the immigrants within Canada. By so doing, Canada government will be able to have created a central dimension whereby it would have ensured that it has created social democracy to the two parties. it is here that Leonie has asserted that, it is good to note that economic addition is not only involve the issue of good timing but also availability of public services to the whole cities therefore, achieving efficient urban planning (15).
It have also been noted that accessibility to public services is not the only issue, but creating a dimensional inclusion whereby immigrants are allowed to engage themselves in daily activities within their communities and neighborhood, this will contribute to urban planning in the sense that immigrant will feel welcomed in the Canadian cities therefore issues of racism may lack meaning.
In my way of research I was forced to get answers to this question; what are the implications of cultural and social realities on diversity toward urban planning? The center bit of planning identity has continued to lie as the key objective in the rationalization of markets towards a comprehensive view on the cities through the use of technical knowledge. It has been important for the concern individuals to identify role of planning through the representation of marginalized cultures and through redistribution of Canadian powers and resources from the elite individuals towards the poor people in the major cities of this country (Leonie, 15).
While it is still evident that the federal government in Canada has been encourage to result to greater involvement in both provincial and municipal on the issue of settlement, confusion within the government as to who is supposed to do what and who should be accountable for what has taken place. Therefore, through this conflict in the changes to be made by the Canadian government, I believe my opinion on the changes to be taken may be effective in curbing with the above challenge brought about by diversity
Definitely, the prominence on cultural difference in the framework of a general politics has been noted to harbor the possibility of a transformed deep rooted cultural values and views across the world contributing to underlying racial and many other forms of discrimination. It is true that people often adjust their ideas regarding the other individual living near them; this has been known to make their differences more demystified. Leonie continues to assert that, the increase or adding up of political interest in Canada especially in the major cities recognizes that a full assortment of ideas about the means and end s of planning can only be articulated if and only if the whole Canadian nation people engaged in the process of urban planning whereby there is a great reflection of the multicultural and diversity expressed in the major cities within this country (15).
Milroy continues to assert that, even with this positive dimension brought by diversification, there are certain essential conditions that must be advocated so as it can contribute positively within the social, economic and cultural experiences of the people living in the major Canadian cities (55). New economy has a possibility to emerge within cities but only if the cultural changes are monitored so as they can be directed in a way that they will be of benefit to the people of the diversified cities in Canada.
In summary, the changing pattern being witnessed in diversity within Canada major cities has greatly characterized urbanization therefore emergence of certain challengers. It is important to note that if the above discussed challenges are not administered there is greater possibility that the urban planning issued out by the Canadian government might fail to work out.
The national government of Canada can play the facilities and society based initiatives. Such action should be incorporated into long-term urban strategies created locally through bringing together other levels of community, governments and nongovernmental organizations. Sen continues to assert that, it is good to note that economic addition is not only involve the issue of good timing but also availability of public services to the whole cities therefore, achieving efficient urban planning (489). I have also noted that accessibility to public services is not the only issue, but creating a dimensional inclusion whereby immigrants are allowed to engage themselves in daily activities within their communities and neighborhood, this will contribute to urban planning in the sense that immigrant will feel welcomed in the Canadian cities therefore issues of racism may lack meaning
New urbanism is dominating major urban plans in most towns all over Canada. Modification of existing cities gets to be very difficult that the new cities. Planning is always geared at improving and establishing proper road network. This becomes the backbone of every design format. As Leonie S. 2007 research report, "At present, more than 80 percent of Canadians live in urban areas, occupying a mere 5 percent of the nation's vast land surface, and over 57 percent live in the five largest urban regions."