Sales: Sales: Support: Support:
Academic writing services  
 
Custom written essay Book report Research paper Dissertation Resume and CV Editing and proofreading  
main menu
discounts
discounts
By ordering custom paper you get
  • 24/7 Support
  • Over 100 professional US Writers
  • 300 words per page
  • Flexible discount system
  • FREE revision (within 2 days)
  • Anti-Plagiarism Software Check
we accept
sample essays
Accounting Essays
Admission Essays
Analysis Essays
Art Essays
Biography Essays
Biology Essays
Book Review Essays
Business Essays
Case Studies Essays
Cause and Effect Essays
Character Analysis Essays
Communication Essays
Communication and Media Essays
Compute Technologies Essays
Consideration Essays
Controversial Essays
Description Essays
Economics Essays
Education Essays
Evaluation Essays
Explanation Essays
History Essays
Job Essays
Law Essays
Management Essays
Medicine Essays
Music Essays
Personal Essays
Personal Experience Essays
Persuasive Essays
Persuasive Speech Essays
Philosophy Essays
Political science Essays
Politics Essays
Proposal Essays
Psychology Essays
Reflective Essays
Religion Essays
Research Essays
Response Essays
School Essays
Science Essays
Sociology Essays
Technology Essays
World Literature Essays
Human Research Protection essay
 
← Crevecoeur’s DescriptionChildren Participating in Research →

Human Research Protection. Custom Human Research Protection Essay Writing Service || Human Research Protection Essay samples, help

The office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) is an office in the United States under the department of Health and Human services. It is the top organ in the Federal government that has the mandate to oversee the internal system, which usually protects the well-being, the general welfare, and the rights of individuals who conduct research activities in the United States. One of the duties of this office is to ensure that these individuals conduct research according to the stipulated regulations and rules in the Code of Federal regulations, part 46, or any other equivalent in other institutions (Burt, 2010).

The office of Human Research Protection conducts leadership duties in research on human subjects through the provision of services, such as interpreting and guiding on the regulations of research, coming up with educational programs and facilities, and maintaining an oversight on the regulations. In actual sense, the main focus of the Human Research Protection office is educating researchers, regulating the research activities, coordinating the research activities to ensure compliance and to enact policies that govern the research activities. This office is coordinating various national health institutions in implementing the above roles and responsibilities (Cone, 2001).

The main duty of this office is the implementation of specific rules, ‘45CFR46’. These are rules that govern food and drug administration in the United States, which covers all researches, which pharmaceutical companies conduct, especially the clinical researches. The office of Human Research Protection also has the mandate to advice on matters to do with professional ethics in research and regulatory issues in behavioral and biomedical research. It also helps the secretary’s Advisory Committee on Human Research Protections (SACHRP), which is an advisory organ to the secretary of Health and Human Services on matters to do with protection of human subjects. Without the existence of this office, the outcomes of research activities will not be sufficient, because a researcher will not put into consideration all the required regulations, and without guidance, they will end up making many mistakes (Constance Forbes Citro, 2003).

Health and Human Services Regulations

The above protection regulations on human subjects first came into existence in 1974. Later on, in the year 1978, the national commission that protects human subjects in behavioral and biomedical research published the Belmont Report. It included the guidelines and ethical principles to protect human subjects in research activities. This report brings out three basic ethical principles that govern research on human subjects. These principles include respect for persons, justice, and beneficence.

The present version of these regulations composes of five sections.

The first section includes the primary protection requirements for all human subjects, in researches, which the HHS conducts or supports.

Three of the five sections provide protection for vulnerable groups of individuals in the society.

Section B, which came into existence in the year 1975 provides extra protection rights for pregnant women, young infants usually at the neo natal stage, who are part of the human research, and human fetuses.

The third section of these regulations came into action in the year 1978 and has provided extra protection on research on behavioral and biomedical conditions of prisoners.

The fourth section of the regulations came into action in the year 1983, which role was to provide extra protection for children who are subjects of research.

The last section of the rules came into action in the year 2009, which calls for the registration of all Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) that usually review research studies, which the HHS conducts, or supports (Eckstein, 2003).

Looking at the above provisions, one can clearly see that the existence of this office is by far a very vital element and development in the field of human research. We see a situation, where there is assurance of the protection of the rights of all categories of the individual involved in human research.

Reasons for the Existence of the Office of Human Research Protection

to Ensure Protection of Human Beings with AIDS in Human Research

AIDS is a highly sensitive issue and, therefore, a research involving victims of AIDS should consider all the requirements of the Office of Human Research Protection. IRBS must, therefore, maintain high levels of care so that they observe all the available regulation provisions involving AIDs victims. They have a responsibility to ensure that the AIDS victims involved in the human research study have less vulnerability to risk, in line with the research design that the IRB is using. In some cases, the IRBs should use procedures that have worked on such subjects for purposes of diagnosis and treatment. The IRB must realize that the risks, which the subjects are exposing themselves to be realistic in relation to the benefits from the research and the outcomes from the research, they are conducting. The IRBs must, therefore, formulate a sufficient structure to ensure that they obtain consent from the subject and that they must give full information about the research they are conducting. The IRBs should also exercise great care to ensure that they get accurate and complete consent and documentation. This helps in assuring the protection of the rights and welfare of the AIDS victims (Elizabeth A. Bankert, 2006).

The office of Human Research Protection also has the mandate to ensure a high degree of confidentiality while conducting research on AIDS individuals. This is true, because any unaccepted disclosure of information about the individual can have serious consequences for the individuals participating in the research. Disclosure of such information may threaten family ties such as marriages, an individual’s job, one’s employability, and the ability to access credit and insurance. Considering the above risks, individuals conducting human research on individuals who are AIDS victims should preserve confidentiality with a lot of care. In addition, the potential individuals taking part in the research should receive advice on the extent of confidentiality, to allow them to make a critical examination as to whether they can take part in the research or not (Institute of Medicine (U.S.), Committee on Assessing the System for Protecting Human Research Subjects, 2001).

The IRBs should also put into consideration the information about the individuals who are participating, which they should record in the medical records of these individuals. They should actually reduce the amount of data they record from AIDS related investigations in their medical records.

Human Research Protection. Custom Human Research Protection Essay Writing Service || Human Research Protection Essay samples, help

Order Now
Order nowhesitating

Related essays

  1. Children Participating in Research
  2. Education of Individuals
  3. Crevecoeur’s Description
  4. Timber Framing


order now

 
 
3.6K
1.2K
Order now
Email
Password
 
why choose us
96% of satisfied returning customers
24/7 customer support
A wide range of services
Up-to-date sources
100% privacy guaranteed
MA/PhD writers
Custom written papers only
Free plagiarism report
Free revision (within 2 days)
Free extras by your request
Direct communication with a writer
faq
Are your writers qualified for the custom writing?
How quick can my order be accomplished?
Is it legal to buy custom essays, term papers or book reports from your company?
Are essays offered by your company truly custom-written?
Is it safe to buy from SupremeEssays.com?
How secure is the payment system of your company?
Can I submit custom essays or term papers done by your company as my own?
How can I contact your company if I've got problems with my ordered paper?
testimonials

Finally, I've found the real custom writing service . My grades are saying "Thank you, it's been a pleasure to work with you."

Jamal, South Africa

I can't believe you finished my essay under such a short deadline! You saved me from a disaster once again. You guys deliver exactly what you promise. I'll be back. That's for sure!

William H , Kansas, US

contact us
Toll free for US & Canada only. International callers are charged for outgoing calls.

Our phone numbers:
SupremeEssays.com provides custom term paper writing/rewriting services inclusive of research material for assistance purposes only. The term papers should be used with proper reference and are not meant to replace actual assignments.
 

Get 15% off your first custom essay order

Order now

PRICES
from $12.99/PAGE

X