Family centered early care pre-school deals with respectful strengths-based approaches that can be used to ensure healthy child development. Families are the centers for children wellbeing, therefore, family centered practice approaches are critical. They help parents to support and understand their role in good pre-school child development. It is concerned with a child’s attachment, self-help skills, empowerment, pro-social skills and self-esteem.
Attachment is a bond that a child develops towards a caring and loving adult. Family centered care pre-school create a warm feeling of affection by smiling when talking to a child, being responsive, and sensitive. They involve parents by informing them about every activity going on in the center that concerns their children. They encourage parents to nurture love, protection, acceptance, and positive guidance while at home. Good attachment translates to a child’s healthier behaviours in his or her later age (Heath, 2009).
Self-help skill is another indication of a child’s growing autonomy. In the classroom, we help children to learn new things by, at first, doing something, and then asking children to repeat, or by teaching the new skills. Then we observe behavioral states of the children in order to identify the time at which every child is receptive to learning new skills. Encouraging parents to play and work with the child when possible nurtures the child’s self-help skills (Powell, 2003).
A family is perceived as an active agent in child’s empowerment. To empower children, we teach them with what they can see. Children participate in learning, their self-esteem grows. Parents should also listen to a child’s questions and use affirmations to create a positive attitude in their children (Powell, 2003).
These centers are also concerned in developing a child’s pro-social skills. In classrooms, sharing and taking turns in the activities helps a child to develop the skill of making and maintaining friends. Parents can ask the child to sing or recite the poems they learnt and encourage them by clapping.
Self-esteem begins at infancy but even in the preschool centers adults should listen to, respect and respond positively to their (children’s) needs. This develops a sense of belonging and children feel that they are capable. It helps them treat other children the same way. At home parents can build a child’s self esteem by being the role model, nurturing talents, identifying strengths and fostering a positive attitude.
Teachers and parents need strategies for achieving the shared goal of healthy development of a child in his or her early childhood. The family centered early care pre-school provides a platform on which this goal is achieved. It ensures that they play their roles in ensuring a child’s development, empowerment, self-esteem, self-help, and pro-social skills.