Sales: Sales: Support: Support:
Academic writing services  
 
Custom written essay Book report Research paper Dissertation Resume and CV Editing and proofreading  
main menu
discounts
discounts
By ordering custom paper you get
  • 24/7 Support
  • Over 100 professional US Writers
  • 300 words per page
  • Flexible discount system
  • FREE revision (within 2 days)
  • Anti-Plagiarism Software Check
we accept
sample essays
Accounting Essays
Admission Essays
Analysis Essays
Art Essays
Biography Essays
Biology Essays
Book Review Essays
Business Essays
Case Studies Essays
Cause and Effect Essays
Character Analysis Essays
Communication Essays
Communication and Media Essays
Compute Technologies Essays
Consideration Essays
Controversial Essays
Description Essays
Economics Essays
Education Essays
Evaluation Essays
Explanation Essays
History Essays
Job Essays
Law Essays
Management Essays
Medicine Essays
Music Essays
Personal Essays
Personal Experience Essays
Persuasive Essays
Persuasive Speech Essays
Philosophy Essays
Political science Essays
Politics Essays
Proposal Essays
Psychology Essays
Reflective Essays
Religion Essays
Research Essays
Response Essays
School Essays
Science Essays
Sociology Essays
Technology Essays
World Literature Essays
Use of Logic in Type Casting essay
 
← Discussion on Lei’s ArticleThe Battle for the Queen →

Use of Logic in Type Casting. Custom Use of Logic in Type Casting Essay Writing Service || Use of Logic in Type Casting Essay samples, help

Below is an analysis of use of logic in a book by Elizabeth and Stuart Ewen. The analysis will concentrate on the first chapter of the book which is titled 'Male and Female Created He Them.' In this chapter, Elizabeth and Ewen introduce the roots of gender inequality by exposing historical facts that have carried their underlying fallacious messages into today's society.

Being Logical/Typecasting

In order to bring logic to their literature, 'inequality between men and women and its origin,' Elizabeth and Ewen make use of facts. For instance, in the beginning of the chapter, the authors use a story of Harvard president who claimed the inequality of men/women had factual roots based in neuroscience, rather than sociology. The notion that inequality between men and women had factual roots based in neuroscience is a fact. For something to be fact, it has the capacity to be proven through the available information. The history of neuroscience is known to have been dominated by male character and many neuroscience theories are associated with male characters as being the persons behind their invention. This can be proved through newspapers, interviews and exact quotes of opponents. However, the authors commit ad hominem fallacy when they refer to Summers's reputation as high-handed arrogance and they insinuate that it would cost him his job. This is fallacy as the argument diverts from his point about inequality to matters relating to his character (Melnemy, p.115).

Use of the religious doctrines to explain the roots of gender inequality is yet another fact used by the authors. Religious doctrines in the Judeo-Christian faith suggest the inequality of man and women was sacred. This is a fact and can be proved from the historical manuscripts and accounts of events at the time of Roman Empire. This can also be proven from the Bible. The authors make several quotes from the Bible to show that inequality between men and women is a real fact with its which can be proven. Elizabeth and Ewen literature on inequality between men and women is based on scientific basis of inequality as facts. The authors refer to a 1754 discourse by Jean Jacques Rousseau which maintains that inequality between men and women has its origin from flawed political institutions in the history. Evidence for Jean Jacques's claim has been provided by the authors through numerous examples of Jacques's work such as 'The social contract' of 1762 which states that men and women have inherently different dispositions, and that woman was made to please man. Also in 'Emile' of 1762 whereby Jacques maintain that since men and women are dissimilar, then they should not have the same education. This factual information can be proven from Jacques's book.

Order now

Based on Jacques's work, the authors make use of argument condition A to B. Elizabeth and Ewen state that, "in a world where 'great men' would increasingly use elaborate systems of scientific categorization to underwrite the verifiable 'truth' of inequality, woman was defined as inherently unfit to render such judgments" (p. 13, line 5). In this sentence, the authors can be seen to use conditional argument as a means of being logical. Conditional argument is based on 'if-then' argument. This is based on the notion that, if a certain condition which has been set in mind happens or is met, then certain consequence(s) will follow. In this sentence, the condition that if men increasingly use elaborate systems of scientific categorization to underwrite the verifiable truth of inequality, then, woman is defined inherently unfit to render such judgment. The first part of the sentence can be seen as condition A, while the other part is condition B. Since A happens, then B is. Use of conditional argument forms a good basis of making a conclusion in logic manner. That is, if the premise is true (the condition), then the consequence (which forms the basis for conclusion) of the premise is true.

Elizabeth and Ewen further make their work logic by basing their literature on inequality between men and women on Bathsua Makin (1694) proposal to have an academy for women. In the proposal, Makin offered a curriculum that was conventionally seen to be appropriate for women. This included dancing, singing as well as history, philosophy, Greek, Latin among others. This can be proved from the text by Bathsua Makin. The authors also seek logic of their work from 1694 Mary Astell's 'A serious Proposal to the Ladies for the Advancement of their true and Great Interest.' Astell challenges her readers (women) why they are contented being in the world just like tulips in a garden which make a very good show yet they are good for nothing. Astell Also advocate establishment of secular convents where women might gain serious knowledge. Facts about his can be proven from reading the text by Mary Astell. More logic in Elizabeth and Ewen's points of argument is based on the facts provided in Daniel Defoe's text 'The Education of Women.' Daniel gives a diatribe against the enforced ignorance of women. He believed highly educated women would be far more felicitous companions for men than the women of folly and impertinence. Facts about his can be proven from Daniel Defoe's book. Here, another ad hominem fallacy has bee committed by the authors when they refer to Defoe as a self-proclaimed advocate for women in the government of which he was not. Mary Wollstonecraft's 'A Vindication of the rights of women' also makes part of logic typecasting in Elizabeth's and Ewen's work. Wollstonecraft refutes Rousseau's ideas by arguing that any education that fostered submissiveness was a direct conflict with Rousseau's general principles regarding freedom (Elizabeth and Ewen, p.14).

Type of assignment Title of your paper Writer level Pages
Timeframe Spacing Currency Total price
 

In page 15, Elizabeth and Ewen make use of conditional argument yet again. In the sentence, "as such radical challenges to conventions that had long shaped relations between the sexes accelerated in the second half of the nineteenth century, the governing thought continued to assert that men and women were fundamentally dissimilar and that civilization required the rule of men" (Elizabeth and Ewen, p.15) there is an antecedent and a consequent. The first part makes the antecedent (condition A) while the second part, separated by a comma, makes the consequent. Since the radical challenges to conventions that had long shaped relations between sexes accelerated in the second half of 19th century, then due to civilization, men were required to rule. Occurrence of the consequent is due to prior happening of the condition (antecedent). This is a demonstration of logical typecasting in the text.

Further developments in the text can be seen in page 17 where use of facts has continued to be used by the authors. Facts used include Freidrich Engels's 'Origin of Family, Private Property and the State' 1884. Engels maintains that the disparities of power between men and women were not based on their inherent natures but were the result of social and historical circumstances, rooted in antiquity. This can be proven by reading the piece of writing by Engels. Engels explains how men forcibly inhibited the social and sexual lives of their wives as an attempt to guarantee that their offspring indeed became theirs. Victoria Woodhull's publication is yet another basis of fact used by the authors. Woodhull sees monogamy as an institution that systematically oppresses women. He condemns monogamy and refers to monogamous marriage as nothing more than legalized prostitution (Elizabeth and Ewen, p.19). Charlotte Parkins Gilman's book has also been utilized by the authors to form facts for the text. Gilman observes that modern industrialization can emancipate women from their dependence on men for survival. Use of fact can also be seen in page 18 (line 16) were the authors uses a fact from Calverton and Schmalhausen's 'Sex in Civilization.' The authors quote that "...the rise of industrial production and larger-scale capitalist agriculture were destabilizing the relationship between the family and society at large." This is a fact which can be proven from reading the text (Elizabeth and Ewen, p.18).

Conditional argument has also been used in page 18 where the authors state that as the number of women employed in factories continued to increase, and as middle-women were openly questioning about their status in the home, there arose a need to determine the natural roles of men and of women in middle-class systems of belief (Elizabeth and Ewen, p.18). The condition that the number of working women continued to increase, and the condition that middle-class women started questioning about their positions in the homes, leads to the consequence that natural roles of men and women needed to be determined in the middle class system of beliefs. Due to the happening of the two conditions, then the consequence was. This presents condition A to B argument as part of logical typecasting.

In the text, Elizabeth and Ewen have utilized various aspects of logic. In a text, use of facts and conditional argument makes the evidence that logical typecasting has been used in the text. Elizabeth and Ewen employ facts and conditional argument a lot in their text. Use of facts has been well utilized in the text without much diversion into value statements. According to Melnemy's considerations, a text can be said to be more logical when fact statements are used instead of value statements (Melnemy, p.72). A lot of factual information has been used by the authors in the text. However, a part from ad hominem fallacies (as mentioned earlier), democratic fallacies have also been committed by the author.

For instance, by referring to the story of Harvard president about his claim of root base of inequality of men and women as being in neuroscience other than sociology is democratic fallacy. Just because the Harvard president claimed so, it does not provide sufficient evidence to allow us believe in his claim. In referring to religious doctrines, democratic fallacy has also been committed. Just because many religious doctrines including the Bible reveals that inequality between man and woman is sacred, it does not provide us with enough evidence to conclude that inequality between man and woman is sacred. It can therefore be concluded that the authors failed to be logical when they provided these facts as a basis of support for their literature.

General use of condition argument has been properly used by the authors and it has formed a good basis of making conclusions based on happening of certain conditions (Melnemy, p.63).

Use of Logic in Type Casting. Custom Use of Logic in Type Casting Essay Writing Service || Use of Logic in Type Casting Essay samples, help

Order Now
Order nowhesitating

Related essays

  1. The Battle for the Queen
  2. Latin America: Terrorism Issues
  3. Discussion on Lei’s Article
  4. Disparity Analysis Chart


order now

 
 
3.6K
1.2K
Order now
Email
Password
 
why choose us
96% of satisfied returning customers
24/7 customer support
A wide range of services
Up-to-date sources
100% privacy guaranteed
MA/PhD writers
Custom written papers only
Free plagiarism report
Free revision (within 2 days)
Free extras by your request
Direct communication with a writer
faq
Are your writers qualified for the custom writing?
How quick can my order be accomplished?
Is it legal to buy custom essays, term papers or book reports from your company?
Are essays offered by your company truly custom-written?
Is it safe to buy from SupremeEssays.com?
How secure is the payment system of your company?
Can I submit custom essays or term papers done by your company as my own?
How can I contact your company if I've got problems with my ordered paper?
testimonials

Finally, I've found the real custom writing service . My grades are saying "Thank you, it's been a pleasure to work with you."

Jamal, South Africa

I can't believe you finished my essay under such a short deadline! You saved me from a disaster once again. You guys deliver exactly what you promise. I'll be back. That's for sure!

William H , Kansas, US

contact us
Toll free for US & Canada only. International callers are charged for outgoing calls.

Our phone numbers:
SupremeEssays.com provides custom term paper writing/rewriting services inclusive of research material for assistance purposes only. The term papers should be used with proper reference and are not meant to replace actual assignments.
 

Get 15% off your first custom essay order

Order now

PRICES
from $12.99/PAGE

X